Canadian Identity Anoshan V. What is Canadian Identity ? It has always been apparent that Canada a constructed nation. The Department of Canadian Heritage prepared the paper, Canadian Identity, Culture and Values: Building a Cohesive Society, to help the ADMs’ Policy Research Committee to identify "pressure points that are likely to arise in Canadian society by the year 2005 as a … [48] Section 133 of the Constitution Act of 1867 (BNA Act) guarantees that both languages may be used in the Parliament of Canada. Canadian mythology invokes hockey. [44], French Canada's early development was relatively cohesive during the 17th and 18th centuries, and this was preserved by the Quebec Act of 1774, which allowed Roman Catholics to hold offices and practice their faith. Founded by settler two settler societies, Canada has been built on a foundation on cultural an ethnic diversity. Popular individual sports include auto racing, boxing, karate, kickboxing, hunting, sport shooting, fishing, cycling, golf, hiking, horse racing, ice skating, skiing, snowboarding, swimming, triathlon, disc golf, water sports, and several forms of wrestling. [177], Canada has a well-developed media sector, but its cultural output—particularly in English films, television shows, and magazines—is often overshadowed by imports from the United States. [116][117] Symbols of the Canadian monarchy continue to be featured in, for example, the Arms of Canada, the armed forces, and the prefix Her Majesty's Canadian Ship. The major political parties have claimed explicitly that they uphold Canadian values, but use generalities to specify them. Many Canadian cities feature comedy clubs and showcases, most notable, The Second City branch in Toronto (originally housed at The Old Fire Hall) and the Yuk Yuk's national chain. There is no such thing as a model or ideal Canadian. [146], Calgary is home to Theatre Calgary, a mainstream regional theatre; Alberta Theatre Projects, a major centre for new play development in Canada; the Calgary Animated Objects Society; and One Yellow Rabbit, a touring company. [34][35][36], By the 19th century Canadians came to believe themselves possessed of a unique "northern character," due to the long, harsh winters that only those of hardy body and mind could survive. [81] In Quebec, cultural identity is strong, and many commentators speak of a French Canadian culture as distinguished from English Canadian culture. by Michelle Pharand. [64] The historically predominant Liberals position themselves at the centre of the political scale,[65] with the Conservatives sitting on the right and the New Democratic Party occupying the left. The Canadian identity, at least from a commercial perspective, includes such animals as the beaver, moose, and loon as well as maple syrup, winter sports and of … Examine the Colonial Canada period, when New France became a British belonging. [133] Margaret Atwood won the Booker in 2000 for The Blind Assassin[134] and Yann Martel won it in 2002 for the Life of Pi. 4. During this period Canada became an independent c… [140] Canada also hosts one of the largest fringe festivals, the Edmonton International Fringe Festival.[141]. Although there are many contests that Canadians value, the most common are ice hockey, box lacrosse, Canadian football, basketball, soccer, curling, baseball and ringette. [186] Professional teams exist in many cities in Canada – with a trio of teams in North America's top pro league, Major League Soccer – and international soccer competitions such as the FIFA World Cup, UEFA Euro and the UEFA Champions League attract some of the biggest audiences in Canada. We’ll also examine the ways Canadians behave and think about themselves, and examine some of the political beliefs that are starting to play a larger and larger role in defining the Canadian identity. Anyone can come to Canada and feel no pressure to conform to whatever culture we offer here. No exhaustive study has yet been made of these subcultures, yet it is possible to assert that West Coast Canadians have a different way of thinking and a different spirit from central or East Coas… The canadian identity. [28] By the end of the 20th century, immigrants were increasingly Chinese, Indian, Vietnamese, Jamaican, Filipino, Lebanese and Haitian. Learn about the original inhabitants of Canada, the origin of our country’s name, the Fathers of Confederation and the events and milestones that shaped our country’s creation. [41][42], By the 1930s radio played a major role in uniting Canadians behind their local or regional teams. Explore the time before the British and French settlement. [203][204], The United States is home to a number of perceptions about Canadian culture, due to the countries' partially shared heritage and the relatively large number of cultural features common to both the US and Canada. For enquiries, contact us. 4. [21] The migration of 40,000 to 50,000 United Empire Loyalists from the Thirteen Colonies during the American Revolution (1775–1783) brought American colonial influences. [82] However, as a whole, Canada is in theory, a cultural mosaic—a collection of several regional, and ethnic subcultures. [43] Outside the sports and music arena Canadians express the national characteristics of being hard working, peaceful, orderly and polite. A typical five paragraph essay is a good model to follow. Examine the Colonial Canada period, when New France became a British belonging. Well, first, it is necessary to be aware of the basic historical facts about Canada: 1. The case, however, lives on for other reasons. The length of this particular section depends on general size of your essay. There are several traditions in Canadian humour in both English and French. [149] Established in 1975, the Great Canadian Theatre Company specializes in the production of Canadian plays at a local level. We know that people are defined in large part by our relationships to other people. Following the Second World War, Canada’s multiculturalism policies became more acceptable and even successful in, not only accepting, but … Experience nature in one of Canada's national parks, discover cultural traditions at a historic site, or visit national treasures in Canada's Capital region. [180] Thus, multicultural media became an integral part of Canadian media overall. [144] Large French theatres in the city include Théâtre Saint-Denis and Théâtre du Nouveau Monde. [199], In a 2002 interview with the Globe and Mail, Aga Khan, the 49th Imam of the Ismaili Muslims, described Canada as "the most successful pluralist society on the face of our globe",[200] citing it as "a model for the world". The game unites us. [108] Canada has a national television channel, The Comedy Network, devoted to comedy. While Canada believes its citizens should have access to foreign cultural goods, the government also recognizes that we need space for our own voice. [16] Combined with late economic development in many regions, this comparably nonbelligerent early history allowed indigenous Canadians to have a lasting influence on the national culture (see: The Canadian Crown and Aboriginal peoples). [155] Since the 1980s, Canada, and Vancouver in particular, has become known as Hollywood North. Canada's identity can be associated with its tolerance and promotion of multiculturalism and diversity. Learn about your ancestors and discover family secrets with the help of records and resources at our National Archives. [164], The music of Canada has reflected the multi-cultural influences that have shaped the country. It’s only when these sentiments are widely shared that we can develop the trust and common understanding necessary for our society and institutions to function. [159] Over the years, many Canadians have made enormous contributions to the American entertainment industry, although they are frequently not recognized as Canadians. The society … Canadian literature is often categorized by region or province; by the socio-cultural origins of the author (for example, Acadians, indigenous peoples, LGBT, and Irish Canadians); and by literary period, such as "Canadian postmoderns" or "Canadian Poets Between the Wars". Rural areas were especially influenced by sports coverage and the propagation of national myths. Because Canada has such a great cultural diversity the Canadian identity is shaped by our values and attitudes as they have emerged from our history and geography. [167][168] The music has subsequently been heavily influenced by American culture because of its proximity and migration between the two countries. Canada's 15th prime minister Pierre Trudeau in regards to uniformity stated: Uniformity is neither desirable nor possible in a country the size of Canada. Gilmore argues that the mutual isolation makes it difficult to muster national responses to major national issues. A. D’Sylva, B.L. [197], The three earliest cuisines of Canada have First Nations, English, and French roots, with the traditional cuisine of English Canada closely related to British and American cuisine, while the traditional cuisine of French Canada has evolved from French cuisine and the winter provisions of fur traders. [132] In 1992, Michael Ondaatje became the first Canadian to win the Man Booker Prize for The English Patient. In more recent years, First Nations people throughout Canada have adopted a renewed expression of ethnic and cultural identity, as part of the process of asserting claims to sovereignty and their right of historical redress. It is not surprising, given its size, that Canada should have several regional subcultures (see Regionalism). [143] Toronto's Theatre District also includes the Theatre Museum Canada. [160], Canada has developed a vigorous film industry that has produced a variety of well-known films and actors. [49], Prior to the advent of the Canadian Bill of Rights in 1960 and its successor the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms in 1982, the laws of Canada did not provide much in the way of civil rights and this issue was typically of limited concern to the courts. [6] Canada's culture draws from its broad range of constituent nationalities, and policies that promote a just society are constitutionally protected. [120] Like the peoples that produced them, indigenous art traditions spanned territories that extended across the current national boundaries between Canada and the United States. [18] Many places in Canada, both natural features and human habitations, use indigenous names. Given the diversity of Canadian society, it is easier to describe Canadian culture as a group of cultures interrelated with and juxtaposed to the 2 dominant cultural groups. They did of course keep some aspects of the culture of their country of … [198] The Jewish immigrants to Canada during the late 1800s also play a significant role to foods in Canada. [49] Doing so makes them "official" languages, having preferred status in law over all other languages used in Canada. [172], Patriotic music in Canada dates back over 200 years as a distinct category from British patriotism, preceding the first legal steps to independence by over 50 years. [205] For example, the average Canadian may be perceived as more reserved than his or her American counterpart. [123] These carvings show objects and activities from the daily life, myths and legends of the Inuit. [73], The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, was intended to be a source for Canadian values and national unity. Making Music: Profiles from a Century of Canadian Music, Alex Barris and Ted Barris. New Brunswick is only province to appoint both English and French as official languages at the provincial level. [161] In fact, this eclipsing may sometimes be creditable for the bizarre and innovative directions of some works,[161] such as auteurs Atom Egoyan (The Sweet Hereafter, 1997) and David Cronenberg (The Fly, Naked Lunch, A History of Violence) and the avant-garde work of Michael Snow and Jack Chambers. A typical structure of a cultural identity essay follows the basic essay outline principles. It is Canada's official national winter sport. [20] The British conquest of New France during the mid-18th century brought 70,000 Francophones under British rule, creating a need for compromise and accommodation. 429 p. (Ref ML128 .P3Z85 1985t). All but curling and soccer are considered domestic sports as they were either invented by Canadians or trace their roots to Canada. Canadian literature is often divided into French- and English-language literatures, which are rooted in the literary traditions of France and Britain, respectively. Canadians are known to be some of the most polite, tactful, and peace-loving human beings on the planet. The abstract art group Painters Eleven, particularly the artists William Ronald and Jack Bush, also had an important impact on modern art in Canada. I think this is an important question to ponder! Learn what the Government of Canada is doing to promote equality for women and their full participation in the economic, social and democratic life of Canada. [148] Since 1969, Ottawa has been the home of the National Arts Centre, a major performing-arts venue that houses four stages and is home to the National Arts Centre Orchestra, the Ottawa Symphony Orchestra and Opera Lyra Ottawa. The government, as steward of our national identity, promotes cultural activities that help build a sense of community.Culture is also a critic… Our identity is rooted in our history, and it’s impossible to divorce the two. They did of course keep some aspe… As Canada approaches its 150th anniversary, questions on what defines the Canadian identity are important points of reflection. In a world where we are constantly being encouraged to conform to what is deemed in Milan or New York, it … Canadian leaders of both major parties had historically promoted both immigration and citizenship, but the idea that no singular culture would define this country – … Only 15 percent of Canadians live in a different province from where they were born, and only 10 percent go to another province for university. by Amtmann, Willy. The Aboriginals are a big part of Canadian identity … [50] Canada since the 1960s has placed emphasis on equality and inclusiveness for all people. Canadian producers have been very successful in the field of science fiction since the mid-1990s, with such shows as The X-Files, Stargate SG-1, Highlander: The Series, the new Battlestar Galactica, My Babysitter's A Vampire, Smallville, and The Outer Limits, all filmed in Vancouver.[157]. [76][77] However, there are critics who say that such a task is practically impossible. [100] Irony, parody, satire, and self-deprecation are arguably the primary characteristics of Canadian humour. [89] Much of the debate over contemporary Canadian identity is argued in political terms, and defines Canada as a country defined by its government policies, which are thought to reflect deeper cultural values. You will not receive a reply. This refers to the lifestyles that people embrace in becoming a part of a society. [188], Canadian cuisine varies widely depending on the region. These include not only communities of ethnic, regional, religious, and civic (the provincial and municipal governments) sorts, but also national communities, which often include or overlap with many of the other kinds.[85]. While Canada believes its citizens should have access to foreign cultural goods, the government also recognizes that we need space for our own voice. How did the Aboriginals and French settlers coexist? [111][112][113] Many official symbols of the country such as the Flag of Canada have been changed or modified over the past few decades to Canadianize them and de-emphasise or remove references to the United Kingdom. Our culture is an integral part of who we are.Sharing stories and ideas and creating a better understanding among people in Canada is an effective way to build a healthy multicultural society. [86] Journalist and professor Andrew Cohen wrote in 2007: The Canadian Identity, as it has come to be known, is as elusive as the Sasquatch and Ogopogo. This document has been adapted for the Postcolonial Literature and Culture Web with the kind permission of the Canadian Association for Commonwealth Literature and Language Studies (CACLALS).It derives from a project directed by Dr Leon Litvack as a requirement for the MA degree in Modern Literary Studies in the School of English, the Queen's University of Belfast. Peabody Institute, 1985. [183] Lacrosse, a sport with indigenous origins, is Canada's oldest and official summer sport. Get information about the melodies, objects and flags that have become – through traditional usage or by public perception – the symbols by which Canadians identify themselves. [183] Canadian football is Canada's second most popular spectator sport,[184] and the Canadian Football League's annual championship, the Grey Cup, is the country's largest annual sports event.[185]. 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