During the 1950s, lion dances were even banned in Hong Kong because competing troupes would hide weapons in their lions to attack teams from rival schools. Different types of vegetables, fruits, foods or utensils with auspicious and good symbolic meanings; for instance pineapples, pomelos, bananas, oranges, sugar cane shoots, coconuts, beer, clay pots or even crabs can be used to be the "greens" (青) to be "plucked" to give different difficulty and challenge for the lion dance performers. Northern (or Beijing) style, lion dances were developed by imitating the movements of a dog, and were performed as entertainment for the imperial court. , Lion dance as an exorcism ritual began to be performed in the New Year in Korea during the Goryeo dynasty.  In Qin Dynasty sources, dancers performing exorcism rituals were described as wearing bearskin mask, and it was also mentioned in Han Dynasty texts that "mime people" (象人) performed as fish, dragons, and phoenixes. marinazlochin.  In another account, the 5 lions were described as each over 3 metres tall and each had 12 "lion lads", who may tease the lions with red whisks. The Chinese Lion Dance is often confused with the Chinese Dragon Dance. The lion’s dance is performed to chase away ghosts and evil spirits, and since the monsters, ghosts, evil spirits and giants like Nian are afraid of loud noises, the dance has become a natural complement to the fire crackers' noise. Fut San, Hok San, Fut Hok, Chow Gar, etc. The main judging rubric was developed by the International Dragon and Lion Dance Federation, scored out of 10 total points. Fo Shan is the style adopted by many kung fu schools. marinazlochin. most popular folk dance in China. The Let's Go Club. The Lion Dance is one of the most widespread folk dances in China.  Some local versions of the snow lion dance may also have been influenced by Chinese Lion Dance in the Sino-Tibetan borderland – for example, it was recording that the local chief in Songpan, Sichuan gave a lion costume to the Jamyang Zhépa II of the Amdo region in the 18th century. The "lion" will dance and approach the "green" and "red envelope" like a curious cat, to "eat the green" and "spit" it out but keep the "red envelope" which is the reward for the lion troupe. Chinese Lion Dance The lion dance is a traditional dance performed in the Chinese culture. The lion dance also symbolises the myth of the Chinese new year The Lion dance is often confused with the Chinese Dragon Dance, which features a team of around ten or more dancers. yoyoherp.  The best known lion dances are performed in Bali and Java. The great mask that spans over 2.5 meters with genuine tiger or leopard skin and real peacock feathers. Like.  For example, in Malaysia, lion dance was criticized by a Malay politician in the 1970s as not Malaysian in style and suggested that it be changed to a tiger dance, and it was banned except at Chinese New Year until 1990. The Southern dance is more symbolic as mentioned above and preformed during Chinese New Year celebrations. It can be manipulated by a single person, or by two or more persons, one of whom manipulates the head. What is a Chinese lion dance? The Let's Go Club - Chinese Lion Dance. The poles can be added with props or obstacles as well, such as a small wooden bridge that can be easily broken in half, or a pair of wire lines that can be crossed over. The dancers may also reenact a lion hunt. The heads, bodies and behavior of the shisa in the dance are quite different from the shishi on mainland Japan. Other forms of lion dance exist around the world, for example Singa Barong in Indonesian culture. The white lion is known as Ma Chao (Cantonese: Ma Chiu), he was assigned this color because he always wore a white arm band in his battle against the ruler of Wei, Cao Cao, to signify that he was in mourning for his father and brother who had been murdered by Cao Cao. Join Let's Goers Jamie and Hannah as they find out about the Chinese lion dance. You can read all about the legend in our illustrated Story of Nian.. Street celebrations often include a performance of the lion dance which is thought to bring good luck. The first lion dance recorded in Japan was at the inauguration ceremonies of Tōdai-ji in Nara in 752. The lion’s every movement has a specific musical rhythm. , Japan has a long tradition of the lion dance and the dance is known as shishi-mai (獅子舞) in Japanese. Around the world there are lion dances that are local to their area and unrelated to the Chinese dance. Throughout the performance, the Lion will mimic various moods and demonstrate similar physical gestures allowing the Lion to look life-like.  It is also believed that children who sat on the back of the lion during such performances would enjoy good health and a long life.. The Five Element’s theory, the symbolism of colors, the bagua and colors associated with Feng Shui are one base for ‘interpreting’ the color of the lion’s fur. The dance has evolved considerably since the early days when it was performed as a skill part of Chinese martial arts, and has grown into a more artistic art that takes into accounts the lion's expression and the natural movements, as well as the development of a more elaborate acrobatic styles and skills during performances. , The Japanese lion consists of a wooden, lacquered head called a shishi-gashira (lit. Although there is still a certain degree of competitiveness, troupes are a lot less violent and aggressive. Now, as with many other countries, lion dance troupes must attain a permit from the government in order to perform lion dance. The green here refers to vegetable leaves which are tied to a piece of string which also has a red packet attached containing money.  According to ethnomusicologist Laurence Picken, the Chinese word for lion itself, shi (獅, written as 師 in the early periods), may have been derived from the Persian word šer. Often called the fourth brother, this lion is also called the Heroic Lion because Zhao was said to ride through Cao Cao's million man army to rescue Liu Bei's infant and fight his way back out. The good-hearted spirit, according to popular beliefs, has the power to summon the auspicious unicorn, and thus during the dance, takes the lead in clearing the path for the unicorn. Our company specializes in lion dance, music, and entertainment, hence the name LionDanceME. This is a symbolic act of blessing by the lion, with the spitting out of the leaves signifying that there will be an abundance of everything in the coming year. There may also be a "warrior" character who holds a spherical object and leads the lions. Parents were afraid to let their children join lion dance troupes because of the "gangster" association with the members. lion dance during jade emperor birthday during chinese new year - chinese lion dance stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images Aerial view of local artists practicing dragon dance on January 22, 2017 in Zunyi, Guizhou Province of China. The performers and the schools would gain praise and respect on top of the large monetary reward when they did well.  The competition mostly involves Southern Lion dance teams and may be performed on a series of small circular platforms raised on poles called jongs, and there are a total of 21 poles in the traditional set. Download this premium icon pack available in SVG, PSD, PNG, EPS format or as webfonts. It too also involves both Northern and Southern Lion dance teams, but dragon dance teams as well. Encuentra fotos de stock perfectas e imágenes editoriales de noticias sobre Chinese Lion Dance en Getty Images. Some lifts and acrobatic tricks are designed for the lion to "fight" and knock over other rival lions. The lion dance combines art, history and kung fu moves. The larger lions manipulated by two persons may be referred to as great lions (太獅), and those manipulated by one person little lions (少獅). It is similar to the Chinese southern lion dance, except that the lion is mainly green in color and has a distinct round flat mask. The music follows the moves of the lion, the drum follows the lion, the cymbals and the gong follow the drum player.  The competition is judged based on the skill and liveliness of the "lion" together with the creativity of the stunts and choreographed moves, as well as the difficulty of the acrobatics, and rhythmic and pulsating live instrumental accompaniment that can captivate the spectators and the judges of the competition. Save. Both forms are commonly found in China, but around the world especially in South East Asia, the Southern Lion predominates as it was spread by the Chinese diaspora communities who are historically mostly of Southern Chinese origin. This is "chinese lion dance" by mounin on Vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them. Sometimes, if lions from multiple martial arts schools approached the lettuce at the same time, the lions are supposed to fight to decide a winner. But the difficulties of the challenge should come with the bigger the rewards of the "red envelope" given. Canton is the homeland of the southern style. Chinese new year background, with red dragon. It uses kung fu moves and postures to help with its movements and stances, and only the most advanced students are allowed to perform. Mirrors are believed to expel negative energy, evil and bad spirits, since negative energy would be reflected backwards, evil spirit would be frightened by their own appearance when looking into the mirror and hence would disappear. Chinese lion dance Clipart Free download!  The dance was originally performed every night of the first fifteen nights of the Lunar New Year, where the dance troupe in lion masks and costumes visited every house in the villages of the Bukcheong region, and the lion dance is meant to expel evil spirits and attract good luck for the coming year. A lion dance is basically two men (sometimes women) dressed in a lion costume, prancing around to the beat of the drums. También en este momento este sitio puede descargar videos, sonidos o imágenes de dichos recursos: Los mejores videos descargados. Clashing cymbals, a gong and drums usually accompany this lively scene. Northern lions may have a gold-painted wooden head, and shaggy red and yellow hair with a red bow on its head to indicate a male lion, or a green bow (sometimes green hair) to represent a female. The newer styles of Fo Shan lions replace all the bristles with fur and the tails are shorter. A mirror is attached to the head of the lion. , Green Lion (青狮) is the lion dance form associated with the province of Fujian and the Hokkien-speaking people. Chinese Lion Dance Sound Effect YouTube Descargar Comparte con tus amigos en las redes sociales. It may have been recorded as early as the King Jinheung's reign in the 6th century during which a tune titled "The Lion's Talent" was composed that could be a reference to a lion dance. previous items. Head of a Lion Dance costume, China Town, Bangkok, Back to the index of Chinese Customs and Traditions Glossary. It is thought to have been imported from China during the Tang Dynasty, and became associated with celebration of Buddha's Birthday. While fascinating, entertaining and richly this ritual demonstrates how one should approach the ineffable - with good humour and dexterity. They are both an important part of traditional Chinese festivities, specially Chinese New Year, and both are thought to bring good luck and scare away the evil spirits. A Lion Dance starts and ends at a temple, where the lions will pay respect not only to the temple and its deities, but to the ancestral hall as well (see: Ancestor Worship). Most lions in Vietnam resemble the Southern Lion, specifically Fut San (Buddha Mountain) style – they are part of the Chinese Southern Lion tradition but have acquired local characteristics. The He Shan lion performers were invited to perform in many places within China and Southeast Asia during celebratory festivals.  This lion is sometimes confused with the silver lion which sometimes has a whitish colouring. Flaticon, the largest database of free vector icons. When you see a Lion Dance, ‘think outside the box’ and interpret the color with the first thing which comes to mind and just enjoy the show.  The eyes of the lion mask may be painted gold to expel negative spirits. The lions are normally awarded with customary gifts like oranges symbolizing wealth or mandarins/ tangerines (see: Food Symbolism) symbolizing luck and red envelopes containing money. Chinese lion dance fundamental movements can be found in Chinese martial arts, and it is commonly performed to a vigorous drum beat. Modern lion dance costumes are made to be very durable and some are waterproof. In Hindu Balinese culture, the Barong is the king of good spirits and the enemy of the demon queen Rangda. : Comparte este enlace Copiar. , The lion dance is seen as a representative part of Chinese culture in many overseas Chinese communities, and in some South East Asian countries, there were attempts to ban or discourage the dance in order to suppress the Chinese cultural identity in those countries. , During the 1950s-60s, in some areas with high population of Chinese and Asian communities especially the Chinatown in many foreign countries abroad China in the world, people who joined lion dance troupes were "gangster-like" and there was a lot of fighting between lion dance troupes and kung fu schools. The Chinese lion dance has close relations to kung fu or Wǔshù (武術) and the dancers are usually martial art members of the local kung fu club or school.  There was also once a court version of the lion dance. Contáctanos. This has more than 22 different testings that you can use to show the lion's movement, whereas fut san has only around 7. Chinese lion dance, gong xi fa cai traditional dance in new year cartoon flat illustration.  Another version of the lion dance was described by the Tang poet Bai Juyi in his poem "Western Liang Arts" (西凉伎), where the dance was performed by two hu (胡, meaning here non-Han people from Central Asia) dancers who wore a lion costume made of a wooden head, a silk tail and furry body, with eyes gilded with gold and teeth plated with silver as well as ears that moved, a form that resembles today's Lion Dance.  There are however also distinct local forms that differ significantly in appearance and performance, for example the lion dances of the Tay and Nung minority people. The Chinese lion dance is referred to as barongsai in Indonesia, often performed by Chinese Indonesian during Imlek. Deer Dance). 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