[107] These properties make it useful in communication equipment, hardware, musical instruments, and water valves. Smelter slag and other residues contain significant quantities of metals. [58] Some coins struck by Romans in the Christian era are made of what is probably calamine brass. *Please select more than one item to compare For the same reason, zinc has been proposed as a salting material for nuclear weapons (cobalt is another, better-known salting material). [156] The use of zinc supplements at doses in excess of 75 mg/day within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms has been shown to reduce the duration of cold symptoms by about 1 day in adults. It is the 24th most abundant element in the earth's crust and the fourth most common metal in use (after iron, aluminum, and copper). [122], As a dense, inexpensive, easily worked material, zinc is used as a lead replacement. Suivez l'évolution de l'épidémie de CoronaVirus / Covid19 en France département. The zinc atom has a radius of 134 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 210 pm. Zinc was first isolated by Andreas Marggraf in 1746. [53], Various isolated examples of the use of impure zinc in ancient times have been discovered. [107] This protection lasts even after the zinc layer is scratched but degrades through time as the zinc corrodes away. Syntheses and crystal structures of three [M(acac)2(TMEDA)] complexes (M = Mn, Fe and Zn). [107][note 2] Zinc is also used to cathodically protect metals that are exposed to sea water. Information on basic physical and chemical propertiesAppearance:Form: Solid in various formsColor: GreyOdor: OdorlessOdor threshold: No data available.pH: N/AMelting point/Melting range: 419.5 °C (787 °F)Boiling point/Boiling range: 907 °C (1665 °F)Sublimation temperature / start: No data availableFlammability (solid, gas): No data available.Ignition temperature: No data availableDecomposition temperature: No data availableAutoignition: No data available.Danger of explosion: No data available.Explosion limits:Lower: No data availableUpper: No data availableVapor pressure: N/ADensity at 20 °C (68 °F): 7.14 g/cm3 (59.583 lbs/gal)Relative density: No data available.Vapor density: N/AEvaporation rate: N/ASolubility in Water (H2O): InsolublePartition coefficient (n-octanol/water): No data available.Viscosity:Dynamic: N/AKinematic: N/AOther informationNo data available, ReactivityNo data availableChemical stabilityStable under recommended storage conditions.Thermal decomposition / conditions to be avoided:Decomposition will not occur if used andstored according to specifications.Possibility of hazardous reactionsNo dangerous reactions knownConditions to avoidNo data availableIncompatible materials:No data availableHazardous decomposition products:Metal oxide fume. Zinc triflate catalyzed 1,3-indolylation of cyclohexanones: tandem condensation, dehydrogenation and aromatization sequence. [10] In children, it causes an increase in infection and diarrhea and contributes to the death of about 800,000 children worldwide per year. [100] A condition called the zinc shakes or "zinc chills" can be induced by inhalation of zinc fumes while brazing or welding galvanized materials. [12][119] Another alloy, marketed under the brand name Prestal, contains 78% zinc and 22% aluminium, and is reported to be nearly as strong as steel but as malleable as plastic. [98] About two thousand years ago, emissions of zinc from mining and smelting totaled 10 thousand tonnes a year. [92] Zinc mines are scattered throughout the world, with the main areas being China, Australia, and Peru. For other uses, see. [176] Because transferrin also transports iron, excessive iron reduces zinc absorption, and vice versa. tanker trucks. [131] Zinc is a common ingredient of denture cream which may contain between 17 and 38 mg of zinc per gram. [176], Despite some concerns,[221] western vegetarians and vegans do not suffer any more from overt zinc deficiency than meat-eaters. 1907/2006 (REACH). [222] Major plant sources of zinc include cooked dried beans, sea vegetables, fortified cereals, soy foods, nuts, peas, and seeds. [190] The transcription factor wraps around the DNA helix and uses its fingers to accurately bind to the DNA sequence. chemistry experiments because it has a greater surface area per unit mass. [54], The oldest known pills were made of the zinc carbonates hydrozincite and smithsonite. 1 Product Result. [81] His technique resembled that used at Zawar zinc mines in Rajasthan, but no evidence suggests he visited the Orient. [169][182][170] Dysregulation of zinc homeostasis in the central nervous system that results in excessive synaptic zinc concentrations is believed to induce neurotoxicity through mitochondrial oxidative stress (e.g., by disrupting certain enzymes involved in the electron transport chain, including complex I, complex III, and α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase), the dysregulation of calcium homeostasis, glutamatergic neuronal excitotoxicity, and interference with intraneuronal signal transduction. It is brittle at ordinary temperatures but malleable at 100 °C to 150 °C. [21] By the start of the 18th century, Étienne François Geoffroy described how zinc oxide condenses as yellow crystals on bars of iron placed above zinc ore that is being smelted. MSDS Number: Z0855 * * * * * Effective Date: 03/31/11 * * * * * Supersedes: 11/21/08 1. The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. With adequate zinc in the soil, the food plants that contain the most zinc are wheat (germ and bran) and various seeds, including sesame, poppy, alfalfa, celery, and mustard. [78] Postlewayt's Universal Dictionary, a contemporary source giving technological information in Europe, did not mention zinc before 1751 but the element was studied before then. Enter email to auto receive SDS. [12] These alloys are marketed under the name Zamak. [104], Zinc is more reactive than iron or steel and thus will attract almost all local oxidation until it completely corrodes away. Zinc Metal, Mossy Technical 1. [92] The equations below describe this process:[92], In electrowinning, zinc is leached from the ore concentrate by sulfuric acid:[96], Finally, the zinc is reduced by electrolysis.[92]. English English; Change Country. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. [228], Evidence shows that people taking 100–300 mg of zinc daily may suffer induced copper deficiency. Each of the nine or ten Zn2+ ions in a zinc finger helps maintain the finger's structure by coordinately binding to four amino acids in the transcription factor. The relative reactivity of zinc and its ability to attract oxidation to itself makes it an efficient sacrificial anode in cathodic protection (CP). [4], Knowledge of how to produce brass spread to Ancient Greece by the 7th century BC, but few varieties were made. Registered Trademark. [213] For fortification, however, a 2003 review recommended cereals (containing zinc oxide) as a cheap, stable source that is as easily absorbed as the more expensive forms. [137], Zinc dithiocarbamate complexes are used as agricultural fungicides; these include Zineb, Metiram, Propineb and Ziram. If deposits of zinc carbonate, zinc silicate, or zinc spinel (like the Skorpion Deposit in Namibia) are used for zinc production, the roasting can be omitted. See reverse side of invoice or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale. Zinc (atomic symbol: Zn, atomic number: 30) is a Block D, Group 12, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 65.38. Empirical Formula (Hill Notation): Zn. Many organozinc compounds are important. Galvanization is used on chain-link fencing, guard rails, suspension bridges, lightposts, metal roofs, heat exchangers, and car bodies.[18]. First-aid measures Eye Contact Rinse immediately with plenty of water, also under the eyelids, for at least 15 minutes. [87] The digestive enzyme carboxypeptidase became the second known zinc-containing enzyme in 1955. A meta-analysis of 33 prospective intervention trials regarding zinc supplementation and its effects on the growth of children in many countries showed that zinc supplementation alone had a statistically significant effect on linear growth and body weight gain, indicating that other deficiencies that may have been present were not responsible for growth retardation. 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