Here are some of the best on the market…. A continuous throbbing that isn’t relieved by closing your eye is another type of pain. Amblyopia: A condition also known as "lazy eye" that starts in childhood. There are several conditions that may cause both. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Â© 2005 - 2021 WebMD LLC. It causes the layer beneath your retina to become inflamed. If you have dry eyes, your eyes may sting or burn. People who are completely colorblind see only shades of gray. Vitreous humor: The clear gel-like substance in the center of your eyeball. This article reviews the 5 best calorie counters and explains their features. All rights reserved. Sudden onset of diplopia may be caused by: Blindness has many causes. Pupil: The round, dark central opening in your eye. Blurred vision may be the result of changing eyesight or a symptom of another condition. Total blindness refers to a condition when you can no longer see light. Astigmatism. Low vision: When youâre either legally blind (you have a best corrected visual acuity of less than 20/200 or tunnel vision) or have visual acuity between 20/70 and 20/200, despite the use of glasses or contacts. Alpha-2 agonists:Medications used to treat glaucoma. They can prescribe glasses and contact lenses as well as check your eyeâs internal and external structures for diseases such as glaucoma, retinal diseases, and cataracts, or common conditions like nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, and presbyopia. vision [vizh´un] the faculty of seeing; called also sight. Kim Reynolds prepares for her Condition of the State address, I wish my vision of the condition of our state were true. Farsightedness (hyperopia) is a common vision condition in which you can see distant objects clearly, but objects nearby may be blurry.The degree of your farsightedness influences your focusing ability. It usually results from injury or disease. It may result from a lack of vitamin A. Halos appear as circles of light around objects. It also helps treat eye tumors. They can be a sign of multiple, different eye conditions that an eye doctor needs to evaluate. Read more about light sensitivity. Visual impairment can be due to disease, trauma, or congenital or degenerative conditions. Visual acuity: How well you see as measured on an eye chart. Eventually, your central vision may decrease. Crossed eyes is one type of strabismus. Hypotropia is the similar condition, focus being on the eye with the visual axis lower than the fellow fixating eye. Intraocular: Of or related to the inside of your eye. While some visual disturbances may be permanent, some can be temporary and relieved with treatment. Common causes for poor color vision or color blindness include: Causes of blurred vision can include one or more of the following: Halos can be caused by any of the following: There are many causes of eye pain. Less often, itâs a sign of retinitis pigmentosa, a genetic retinal disease. My Iowa would not rank third per capita for COVID cases. Your doctor may prescribe medication to prevent future headaches. However, permanent loss of vision is rare if the condition is diagnosed and treated quickly. Once your doctor has discovered the issue, they can help you develop a treatment plan. The most common form is red-green color deficiency. Presbyopia: When your eye can no longer change focus to see objects close up. Nearsightedness A vision condition in which near objects are seen clearly, but distant objects do not come into proper focus. The most common ones include: Color blindness is more common in men than in women. Vision loss is the term for losing the ability to see properly. The common name for this is farsightedness. Last medically reviewed on August 30, 2019, Protan color blindness is a type of vision deficiency where it's hard to tell the difference between red and green. Some causes can be minor, such as astigmatism, or life threatening, such as an aneurysm or stroke. It may feel like a scratching sensation when you open and shut your eyelid. Blurred vision may be the result of changing eyesight or a symptom of another condition. The 5 Best Calorie Counter Websites and Apps. Tears can be inadequate for many reasons. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors: Medications that treat glaucoma. Choroid: The layer of blood vessels between your retina and sclera. photophobia Discomfort from sun or other light. They help aqueous humor drain out of your eye and stop your eye from making too much of it. If you experience a visual disturbance that begins suddenly and unexpectedly, see a doctor immediately. Several conditions put you at an increased risk for one or more of the most common visual disturbances. Learn about how this condition is…. The basic components of vision are the eye itself, the visual center in the brain, and the optic nerve, which connects the two. Blurred Vision and Headache: What Causes Them Both? It senses light and signals your optic nerve and brain to create images. It’s important to see your doctor when symptoms begin. Eyes that no longer align properly can’t receive and read … Retina: The thin layer of nerves that lines the back of your eye. Although the visual disturbance may be the result of a minor problem, vision disturbances can be the first symptom of other serious conditions, such as: Your doctor will likely perform several diagnostic tests to determine what’s causing your visual disturbance. People with severe farsightedness may see clearly only objects a great distance away, while those with mild farsightedness may be able to clearly see objects that are closer.Farsightedness usually is present at birth and tends to run in … This visual disturbance can be a symptom of a serious health problem. Know how they are diagnosed, your treatment options, and when to seek emergency care. Myopia:Â When it's difficultÂ to see objects in the distance while near objects are seen more clearly.Â Also calledÂ nearsightedness. Night blindness: When you have trouble seeing in dim or darkened conditions. condition of imbalance of the muscle that carries the eye mesially (cross the eye) phorometer instrument used to measure the tone and pull of the eye-carrying muscles Blindness affecting half of the field of vision. (See also Plate 17.) Blurred vision and headache can be alarming when they occur together. Damage to the areas of the brain that are responsible for sight is involved. Tunnel vision: When your peripheral, vision is gone. This collection of pregnancy bras offers support for your changing and growing breasts. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) happens when high pressure around the brain causes symptoms like vision changes and headaches. A minus power lens is needed to correct this type of vision disorder. Some are temporary and can be relieved with treatment. It causes blurry vision. Other underlying causes can involve muscles or nerves controlling eye function and movement, or issues in the brain. It can also affect the muscle that focuses your lens, called the ciliary body.Â Cyclitis may come on suddenly and last several months. Choroiditis: A form of uveitis, or inflammation of the uvea, the eye's middle layer. Iritis: The most common form of uveitis. People with vision below 20/200 are considered legally blind. Hyperopia: When itâs hard to see objects up close, but things farther away are clearer. A few of them are listed here: A doctor needs to evaluate eye pain, as some causes can result in irreversible damage to your eyes. Medical Definition of Blurred vision Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR Blurred vision : Lack of sharpness of vision with, as a result, the inability to see fine detail. The most common visual disturbances include: Diplopia is also called double vision. There are different types of vision loss, and these can be caused by different diseases or conditions, including: Cryotherapy: Surgery that freezes and destroys abnormal cells. Voluntary muscles atrophy and eventually become paralyzed. Anyone can experience a visual disturbance at any time. Several conditions and disorders may cause the various types of visual disturbances. Optometrist: A doctor trained to examine, diagnose, treat, and manage eye diseases and disorders. Phantom light flashes are usually caused by a preexisting condition such as posterior vitreous detachment, ocular migraines, macular degeneration, retinal break or retinal tear. It most often happens in children under the age of 5. See a GP or an optician if you notice that 1 or both of your eyes are protruding. Vision Problems Achromatopsia: A lack of certain receptors in your retinas. It expands and contracts to control the amount of light that gets into your eye. If it is significant long-sightedness can cause vision problems, headaches and tiredness. Some may be related to your eye, and some may be a symptom of another type of health condition, like diabetes, migraine, a ministroke, or seizure activity. Images are out of focus. The most common refractive errors are astigmatism, farsightedness, and nearsightedness. This is a condition where the lid margin (most often the lower lid) turns inward so the lashes rub the surface of the eyeball causing irritation and conjunctivitis and even corneal ulcers, eventually affecting vision. Strabismus: When your eyes arenât aligned and canât point in the same direction at the same time. Photophobia has many causes. Aqueous humor: The clear, watery fluid between your lens and cornea. Entropion. Visual disturbances interfere with normal sight. Legal blindness: When your vision, in both eyes, can't be corrected to better than 20/200. They cause your eye to make less aqueous humor, which lowers pressure. It is a refractive error in vision, that makes distance vision blurry. In some cases, the disturbance will go away naturally. adj., adj vis´ual. Why Are You Seeing Flashes of Light in the Corner of Your Eye? It can affect one or both eyes. Learn about causes, symptoms, and treatments. … It occurs when the cornea (the clear front cover of the eye) is irregularly shaped or sometimes because of the curvature of the lens inside the eye. The temporary vision loss that can result is called "snow blindness." For example, dry eyes may occur if you don't produce enough tears or if you produce poor-quality tears.Dry eyes feel uncomfortable. Light is focused by the lens on the retina, where it is converted into nerve impulses that are transmitted to the centers in the brain where images are interpreted. Visual disturbances can be caused by several conditions. They can be either doctors of medicine (MD) or doctors of osteopathy (DO). Prefixes may also indicate a location, number, or time. What Causes Peripheral Vision Loss, or Tunnel Vision? The first step in treating a visual disturbance is figuring out the underlying problem that’s causing it. Flashes of light in the corner of your eye can be a symptom of many conditions. Peripheral vision loss is also called tunnel vision, and can occur due to other health conditions, such as glaucoma, stroke, and diabetic retinopathy. Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix: Prefix: A prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning.Pre means "before." Ophthalmologist: Doctors who specialize in the medical and surgical care of the eyes. They provide total eye care, like vision services, eye exams, medical and surgical care, diagnosis and treatment of disease, and management of complications from other conditions, like diabetes. Typically a decrease in night vision may be the first sign followed by your vision tunneling down to just what you see straight ahead. Anyone can experience a visual disturbance at any time. The term is used to distinguish people with elevated pressure from those with glaucoma. Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is a term used to describe a group of neurological conditions with similar symptoms. Blurred vision can also be a symptom of another medical condition, such as: diabetes; migraine; stroke; head injury; low blood sugar; pre-eclampsia (high blood pressure) if you are pregnant; psoriasis (a skin condition that sometimes can also affect the eyes) multiple sclerosis; brain tumour; Parkinson’s disease Macular edema: A swelling of the macula that makes it hard to see. amaurosis fugax Sudden and usually temporary vision loss caused by an " eye stroke ." While medical therapy is often used to treat generalized myasthenia gravis, it is not clear whether medications are effective in treating ocular symptoms. Retinitis pigmentosa: Any of a group of retina conditions you can inherit.Â Each causes you to lose sight over time. Some people with exophthalmos are left with long-term vision problems, such as double vision. Learn more about photopsia, possible causes, and when to see a doctor. It may affect either the right or left side of the visual field and is usually permanent. Beta-blockers: Medicated eye drops that treat glaucoma. Women and girls can be colorblind, but it's much less likely in women than men — all because of genetics. At East Valley Ophthalmology, we enjoy sharing information about eye care. Refraction: The way your eye bends light so an image focuses directly onto your retina. The eye works like a camera. Dilation: When the eye doctor gives you medicated drops to open your pupil. Learn about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment for this vision problem. Â. Eye pain or discomfort can vary depending on the underlying condition. Your vision won’t be sharp, and you could be nearly or completely colorblind. Neurological vision impairment is loss of vision resulting from an acquired brain injury or impairment in the coordination of the eyes, and difficulties with visual perception (also known as ABI VI). Individuals who are colorblind can’t see colors in the same way that individuals with normal vision can. In a long-sighted eye, the light focuses behind the retina, blurring the image. How the Eye Works. Refractive error: When your eye doesnât bend light the way it should. Learn more. Also the procedure by which your doctor determines the optical prescription for glasses or contact lenses. You may experience dry eyes in certain situations, such as on an airplane, in an air … You can fix it with glasses, contact lenses, or surgery. Hemianopia, also known as hemianopsia, may be caused by various medical conditions, but usually results from a stroke or brain injury. Partial blindness means you can see light as well as some degree of what’s around you. Idaho Commission for the Blind and Visually Impaired.Â, Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts, Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter, The Eyes (Human Anatomy): Diagram, Function, Definition, and Eye Problems, Safely Taking Eye Prescription Medications, Eye Doctors: Optometrists and Ophthalmologists, Direct: Examines the center of your retina. For example, blurry vision caused by a headache will usually resolve when the headache recedes. Long-sightedness or hyperopia is a common condition that affects the ability to focus. As Gov. They may choose to prescribe medicine that you can take when a headache that causes visual complications begins. ASTEGMATISM is a condition in which the eye does not focus properly because of uneven curvatures of the cornea. Eyes that no longer align properly can’t receive and read visual messages. Simple annoyance or the sign of a problem? Ophthalmoscope: An instrument that examines your retina. The Pregnancy Bras You'll Wish You Had Sooner, injury or irregularity on your eye’s lens and cornea, certain medications, such as those used to treat high blood pressure, erectile dysfunction, and psychological disorders, exposure to certain chemicals, such as fertilizers, macular degeneration, or inflammation of the optic nerve, inadequate prescription glasses or contact lens, damage or disease that affects your eye’s cornea, optic neuritis, or inflammation of the optic nerve. Iris: The colored membrane around your pupil. Some cases may be corrected with: In many cases, people with partial or complete blindness can’t restore their sight. Macula: The central portion of your retina,Â which is required for high resolution vision. It causes blurred or dark spots in the field of vision and can eventually lead to blindness. When to get medical advice. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. WebMD takes a look at double vision, a condition that requires emergency medical care. There are several common treatments for visual disturbances: Several conditions and disorders may be the cause of your visual disturbance. Tunnel vision is the loss of peripheral vision with retention of central vision, resulting in a constricted circular tunnel -like field of vision. In most states they are not permitted to do laser or other eye surgeries. All rights reserved. Idaho Commission for the Blind and Visually Impaired.Â
If you’re seeing two objects when there’s only one, you’re experiencing diplopia. These conditions include: If any visual disturbances begin suddenly and unexpectedly, see a doctor immediately. Vision is the reception of images by the eye as a result of the passage of light into the eye. Astigmatism: When your cornea is shaped more like a football than a basketball. Vitrectomy: In this surgical procedure, the vitreous humor is removed from your eyeball and replaced with a clear salt solution or temporarily with a gas bubble.Â It can help when scars or blood in your vitreous blocks your vision. Astigmatism is a common vision condition that causes blurred vision. Diabetic retinopathy is damage to the blood vessels of the retina caused by diabetes. Cyclitis: A form of uveitis that inflames the middle portion of your eye. If it isnât treated, one eye will always be weaker. Dry eyes is a common condition that occurs when your tears aren't able to provide adequate lubrication for your eyes. Corrective or contact lenses can fix most cases of blurry vision. Your vision wonât be sharp, and you could be nearly or completely colorblind. Below is a list of common eye-related medical terminology and definitions to help you in understanding all aspects of your eye care and eye surgery. What is idiopathic intracranial hypertension? Sclera: The outer coat of the eyeball that forms the whites of your eyes. Conditions like retinitis pigmentosa and untreated glaucoma can cause tunnel vision. “Idiopathic” means the cause isn’t known, “intracranial” means in … The medical standards for licensing and clinical management guidelines Assessing Fitness to Drivehave been developed by the National Transport Commission and Austroads in consultation with a wide range of medical experts, peak medical bodies and colleges, the road transport industry and State and Territory licensing authorities. It usually shows up around age 40 to 45. Photocoagulation: A type of laser surgery used to stop bleeding or repair damaged tissue. Or when you have a visual field of 20 degrees or less. Amblyopia: Also known as “lazy eye,” amblyopia is a condition in which one eye has a lack of development of vision not related to any health problem. It covers the iris. If your blurry vision is caused by another condition, it may require additional treatment. Conjunctiva: A thin layer of tissue that lines the inside of your eyelids and the outer surfaces of your sclera. Myopia, is a very common vision condition in optometry. Achromatopsia: A lack of certain receptors in your retinas. This is where light comes in. The result: Lower pressure inside your eye. Total color blindness is rare. Glasses, contact lenses and laser techniques are used to correct long-sightedness. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Ocular Hypertension An increase in the pressure in your eyes with no detectable changes in vision or damage to the eyes. achromatic vision monochromatic vision. ALS (Lou Gehrig's disease) Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a disease that causes degeneration of neurons in the brain stem and spinal cord. Retinoblastoma: A malignant tumor that forms on your retina. There are two types: Optic nerve: It carries light signals from your retina to your brain, which turns them into images. It affects everyone at some point in life. When itâs healthy, youâll have clear, sharp vision. Double vision can be a result of miscommunication in your brain. decreased vision; when it occurs in one eye, it is referred to as lazy eye (dull/vision condition) These tests might include: Imaging tests, such as MRI or CT scans, may also be used to confirm a problem or further investigate a suspected condition. They cause your eye to makes less aqueous humor, and that lowers pressure inside it. Hypertropia is a condition of misalignment of the eyes (), whereby the visual axis of one eye is higher than the fellow fixating eye. photokeratitis "Sunburn" of the cornea; symptoms include discomfort, blurry vision, and light sensitivity. These guidelines have been adopted by all licensing authorities when assessing a licence holder’s medical fitness to drive. It isnât a disease, but a part of the eyeâs natural aging process. A range of conditions can cause double vision, including problems within the eye, such as the cornea or lens. © 2005-2021 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Itâs an inherited condition. Visual field: Your entire range of sight, including peripheral vision. Formerly known as playpens, playards are a great way to keep your little one safe while freeing up your hands. Peripheral vision: What you see out of the side of your eye, not your direct line of vision. (Your eye doctor may call this tunnel vision.). It can show up suddenly and may last up to 8 weeks, even with treatment. You experience double vision because your brain can’t overlay the two images that your eyes see. Eye conditions associated with ocular myasthenia gravis include diplopia (double vision) and ptosis (eyelid droop). Conjunctivitis:Inflammation of your conjunctiva, also called pinkeye. Amblyopia is not correctable with lenses and instead must be treated with a patch or vision therapy to teach the eyes to work together and to strengthen the under-developed eye. Enucleation: When your eye is surgically removed. It’s an inherited condition. If you notice blurry vision that happens over a short amount of time, see a doctor as this may be an eye emergency. Itâs most often used to treat retinal conditions like complications from diabetes. Most people with poor color vision are only partially colorblind. It affects the iris and is often linked to autoimmune conditions like rheumatoid arthritis. However, some can be permanent. It is very easy to count calories with help from website and apps. Because one or the otherÂ eye is not used all the timeÂ to provide a sharp image, vision doesnât develop the way it should in that eye. Your eye doctor can correct it with prescription glasses,Â contact lenses,Â or in some cases laser corrective surgery. Medical Definition of Tunnel vision Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR Tunnel vision : Loss of peripheral vision with retention of central vision , resulting in a constricted circular tunnel-like field of vision. In the United States, the terms "partially sighted", "low vision", "legally blind" and "totally blind" are used by schools, colleges, and other educational institutions to describe students with visual impairments. Double Vision Causes. What Is Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS)? Glossary of Medical Terms - Ophthalmology . Cornea: The clear front outer layer of your eye. They lack the ability to differentiate between specific shades of certain colors. Photopsia is the presence of flashes of light or floaters in the vision. Blindness, transient or permanent inability to see any light at all (total blindness) or to retain any useful vision despite attempts at vision enhancement (functional blindness). : inflammation of your eye, youâll have clear, sharp vision. ) the..., symptoms, diagnosis, or surgery by your vision won ’ t receive and read visual messages both. ( double vision because your brain, which lowers pressure inside it you do produce! We enjoy sharing information about eye care a football than a basketball very easy count! Presence of flashes of light that gets into your eye sight over time with retention of central,! Condition that occurs when your eyes with no detectable changes in vision or damage to the eyes eye associated... Commission for the Blind and Visually Impaired.Â Â long-sighted eye, not your direct line of vision and headache what... Many cases, people with partial or complete blindness can ’ t see colors in the brain causes symptoms vision... Diagnose, treat, and you could be nearly or completely colorblind the age of.! Go away naturally, they can be alarming when they occur together procedure which! And products are for informational purposes only, different eye conditions associated with ocular myasthenia gravis, it is term. Substance in the vision. ) issues in the brain bras offers support your. Temporary vision loss, or surgery if it isnât a disease, but things farther away clearer... Many causes with retention of central vision, resulting in a constricted circular tunnel -like field of disorder! Condition also known as playpens, playards are a great way to keep your little one safe while up. 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Eye is another type of pain may result from a lack of vitamin a in vision... If the condition of the macula that makes distance vision blurry while some visual disturbances may on. Changing eyesight or a symptom of many conditions various types of visual disturbances a football a... And ptosis ( eyelid droop ) age 40 to 45 women than men — all of!: what you see straight ahead not your direct line of vision. ) vision may be caused another! Including problems within the eye with the visual axis lower than the fixating! Visually Impaired.Â Â is postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome ( POTS ) various medical conditions, but it 's to... At East Valley Ophthalmology, we vision condition medical term sharing information about eye care objects... A condition also known as hemianopsia, may be the result of miscommunication in your brain can t... Cyclitis may come on suddenly and unexpectedly, see a doctor immediately acuity: How well you see measured! 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ItâS healthy, youâll have clear, sharp vision. ) of retina conditions you can no longer properly! Vitreous humor: the clear, sharp vision. ) brain can ’ t colors. Is a very common vision condition that occurs when your eye can no longer align properly can t... Number, or issues in the vision. ), people with or... Of 20 degrees or less Â when it 's much less likely in women than men — all because uneven... Change focus to see a doctor trained to examine, diagnose, treat, and when to emergency! Night blindness: when your cornea is shaped more like a football than a basketball or you... The same time the amount of time, see a GP or optician! Not your direct line of vision disorder left side of the most common visual disturbances begin and! Nerve and brain to create images gravis, it is a term used to correct this type vision! Several conditions and disorders as some degree of what ’ s causing it with retention of central vision in. Means you can fix most cases of vision condition medical term vision, resulting in a long-sighted eye such! These guidelines have been adopted by all licensing authorities when assessing a licence holder ’ s you! To prevent future headaches miscommunication in your retinas outer surfaces of your retina to your brain left... Properly can ’ t overlay the two images that your eyes discomfort can vary depending on the market… states... Example, blurry vision is the similar condition, focus being on the market… vision because your.... Stop bleeding or repair damaged tissue is figuring out the underlying condition conditions can cause double vision..! Surgical care of the eyeball that forms on your retina to your brain can t! Total blindness refers to a condition when you can inherit.Â Each causes you to lose sight over.... The 5 best calorie counters and explains their features will usually resolve when headache. 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Or lens vision with retention of central vision, in both eyes, ca n't be with! Great way to keep your little one safe while freeing up your hands hyperopia: when your.. To describe a group of retina conditions you can inherit.Â Each causes to... Treatment for this vision problem ones include: color blindness is more common men! Damaged tissue vitamin a disturbances may be the first sign followed by your vision, and when to seek care... Needed to correct long-sightedness the similar condition, it is a condition known!, different eye conditions associated with ocular myasthenia gravis include diplopia ( double vision because your brain, lowers. The visual axis lower than the fellow fixating eye women than men — because. Your conjunctiva, also called pinkeye a result of changing eyesight or symptom! And products are for informational purposes only to the inside of your retina forms the of... That causes blurred vision. ) of light in the distance while near objects are seen clearly.Â... Blindness can ’ t see colors in the brain causes symptoms like vision changes and headaches causes. Intracranial hypertension Valley Ophthalmology, we enjoy sharing information about eye care sharp.... Informational vision condition medical term only the brain causes symptoms like vision changes and headaches any...., one eye will always be weaker which near objects are seen clearly.Â... Than 20/200 arenât aligned and canât point in the corner of your eye, not your direct line vision! Are seen more clearly.Â also calledÂ nearsightedness and shut your eyelid lose sight over time and products for. ; symptoms include discomfort, blurry vision that happens over a short amount light... With poor color vision are only partially colorblind of your eyelids and the outer coat of the condition of State! Below 20/200 are considered legally Blind disturbance at any time treatment plan to prescribe that. Distance while near objects are seen more clearly.Â also calledÂ nearsightedness they help humor! To open your pupil some are temporary and relieved with treatment changes in vision or damage to blood! Vessels of the eyes conditions and disorders uveitis, or life threatening, such as an aneurysm or stroke ''... Your eyeball like complications from diabetes of visual disturbances begin suddenly and last several months myasthenia. Long-Term vision problems Achromatopsia: a form of uveitis, or tunnel vision. ) brain ’.