The discourse of whole class teaching: a comparative study of Kenyan and Nigerian primary English lessons. Teachers in my context face numerous challenges in and out of the classroom. school English teachers’ perceptions of the challenges and barriers preventing teachers from using ICT in the classroom. Literacy Practices at Homee and School for Rural Children in Zimbabwe: The Real Pedagogical Dilemas. doi:10.1080/09500781003678985. New Language Bearings in Africa: A Fresh Quest, 1st Edn. The editor and reviewers' affiliations are the latest provided on their Loop research profiles and may not reflect their situation at the time of review. There are other prevailing conditions which pose a challenge to the teacher hence impeding learning. Curriculum 2005 provides such challenges. Evidence from literature validates the notion that the teacher is the most critical participant in an educational reform, particularly in one that touches on what goes on in the classrooms (Mundy, 2008). Front. The author declares that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. teachers are faced with challenges of overcrowded classrooms which include instructional, management, assessment and discipline problems ... similar challenges of overcrowded classrooms, in particular South Africa to make informed decisions about reform in public secondary schools. doi: 10.2167/le684.0. This include absenteeism from school because of lack of school necessities, taking care of the sibling as parents look for food and even doing petty jobs to supplement on the family income. However, the reality is that there is continued use of English which is an unfamiliar language as a medium of instruction. challenges facing the teaching and learning of physical education in primary schools in bwiri/nanguba zone, samia sub-county, kenya sirimba lukhalango edward reg.no: e55/ce/22882/2010 a research project submitted to the school of educationin partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of … Getting Heard: (re)Claiming Performance Space in Kenya. For instance, there are some comprehension passages which use illustrations that learners cannot relate to. This book is about challenges and issues facing the school system of South Africa; specifically the harsh realities facing schools. The National Policy Framework for Teacher Education and Development will be This situation results in minimal exposure to the language (Abdi and Hardman, 2007). Based on these circumstances, effective teaching of learners from such context can be quite challenging to the teachers. The salient characteristics of trained ineffective teachers in secondary schools in Kenya. Educ. Current Trends in the Development and Teaching of the Four Language Skills. Grades 10 to 12) at one of the high schools in Vhembe District, Limpopo Province, South Africa. Keywords: challenges, English as a second language, adequate training, innovativeness, teachers in Sub-Saharan context, Citation: Anyiendah MS (2017) Challenges Faced by Teachers When Teaching English in Public Primary Schools in Kenya. An Investigation of the Challenges Affecting Teachers’ Classroom Assessment Practices by Mantsose Jane Sethusha submitted in accordance with the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Education in the subject Curriculum Studies at the University of South Africa Supervisor: Professor MW Lumadi June 2012 However, multigrade teachers, who need to plan and prepare for more than one grade per lesson, face special challenges. Challenges of Classroom Management to Effective SocializationThis investigation has found that the beginning English teachers in Pakistani colleges have many challenges related to classroom management, which tend to lead them towards ineffective socialization with the increase in dissatisfaction and poor performance. (2013). Teaching styles and learners’ achievement in Kiswahili language in secondary schools. doi:10.1177/2158244011434102. Papers on Language and Culture: An African Perspective. Kanga’hi, M., Indoshi, F. C., Okwach, T. O., and Osodo, J. Author MA is the sole contributor to this work. Drawing from a more recent study by Ngwaru and Opoku-Amankwa (2010), it is arguable that learners who are socioeconomically disadvantaged face significant consequences in learning. The purpose of this study was to investigate the challenges facing effective use of learning resources in public secondary schools in Bureti J. Educ. Improving Student Achievement: A Practical Guide to Assessment for Learning. Challenges of Classroom Management to Effective SocializationThis investigation has found that the beginning English teachers in Pakistani colleges have many challenges related to classroom management, which tend to lead them towards ineffective socialization with the increase in dissatisfaction and poor performance. 21, 1–15. The teachers and student teachers indicated specific needs in terms of further training and the content of training. J. Lang. Relationship between students’ perspectives on the secondary school English curriculum and their academic achievement in Kenya. Classroom challenges are one of the adequate problems faced by teachers and a good teacher has the courage to overcome all these challenges bravely.. Further, these learners are not given ample opportunities to practice the English language in the classroom when learning other subjects because of switching from one language to the other. The study has revealed that the black South African learners in ex-Model C schools are faced by numerous challenges owing to their limited English proficiency, and that they do not meet the requirements to pass their grades. The learners’ negative attitude toward English poses a great barrier for effective teaching. This paper has attempted to illustrate the challenges faced by ESL teachers in my primary school which could be generalized to other East African contexts with similar settings where English is taught as a second or third language. Moreover, it is worth noting that pupils are highly sensitive to their image therefore as Glasson (2009) notes, verbal criticism of learners decreases their self-esteem and confidence level making them feel negative about themselves because they loose the self confidence to try out new things. I saw progress in an eight-year-old boy who, starting with a low grasp of the English alphabet, was reading a short story in English within four weeks. says Bailey. Berlin, New York: M. de Gruyter. Carlton South, VIC: Curriculum Corporation. when introducing ICT in the classrooms. challenges facing the teaching and learning of physical education in primary schools in bwiri/nanguba zone, samia sub-county, kenya sirimba lukhalango edward reg.no: e55/ce/22882/2010 a research project submitted to the school of educationin partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of degree of masters in Newark, DE: International Reading Association. Educ. Muchiri, M. N. (2009). The data used in this Particularly if you are learning English outside of an English-speaking country. There is limited access to resources attributed to the large enrollments, key among them are textbooks. approach and the methods of assessment. c. The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. For instance, in the classroom setting, power is expressed in the sitting arrangement where all learners sit facing the teacher who stands at the front, teacher’s facial expressions, voice pitch, and teachers’ selective attention to some learners leaving out others impedes effective learning. However, ICT integration in education in South Africa has been severely South African teachers are spending a hefty amount of time on administrative tasks – time which could be better used on teaching in the classroom. Cummins, C. (2006). South African Democratic Teachers Union (Sadtu) says overcrowding in classrooms and a lack of infrastructure at schools are some of the major challenges teachers are facing. Given that language learning requires a lot of exposure as postulated by Cummins (2006), the teacher of English is left with the sole burden of helping learners develop competence in English within a 35-min lesson because the language outside the classroom and at home is majorly Kiswahili in towns and other local languages in rural areas. Box 392, Pretoria, South Africa ABSTRACT Information Communication Technology (ICT) integration in the classroom is often viewed as a panacea towards resolving South Africa’s education challenges. Mundy, K. E. (2008). In Africa, the introduction of computers into primary and secondary education is a recent phenomenon ... the study was to find out the challenges faced by the institution in teaching ICT. KIE. Grades 10 to 12) at one of the high schools in Vhembe District, Limpopo Province, South Africa. Other related constrained resources include overcrowded buildings, noisy and unsafe environments, poorly ventilated classrooms, water and sanitation facilities which are neither supportive to the learner nor the teachers thus impeding effective teaching. Prog. literature review, document analysis, questionnaires, and classroom visits and observations. Teachers of other subjects keep changing the language of instruction from English to either Kiswahili or Mother tongue either because they are incompetent in English language or in order to have the learners understand the subject matter. (2010). This volume sets out the challenges facing the education system in South Africa, such as poor school infrastructure, ... Farm Schools in South Africa: issues and challenges. A case in point is the comprehension passage in the class three English text books which has used the English expressions, “as white as snow.” This expression is difficult for learners to relate to since there is no experience of snow in the Kenyan context. Core among them is the limited classroom language opportunity for the learners to practice the language. Curriculum 2005 provides such challenges. Ideally, mother tongue ought to be used to reinforce instruction as recommended by the policy (Ministry of Education, 2006). More importantly, the book focuses on the abnormalities in the education system as well as challenges and issues in the implementation of some of the new policies, and their impact. Moreover, the policy demands of inclusive learning poses a challenge in the already swollen classrooms since it compromises individual attention because of the diverse needs of the learners vis-a-vis teachers workload (Glasson, 2009). This chapter explores the Finally, in my context, there is a manifestation of the underlying negative and dominant coercive relations of power. Such conflicts reflect the multifaceted issue of learner diversity, encompassing racial, class, gender, religious, linguistic, physical and other differences. I am going to talk about the experience in a Kenyan primary school where I teach because most of these challenges are contextual. when introducing ICT in the classrooms. Kenalemang Benjamin Molokoe and Monde Ndandani . Nairobi: KLB. 2:13. doi: 10.3389/feduc.2017.00013, Received: 24 November 2016; Accepted: 11 April 2017; Published: 05 May 2017. Njogu, K. (2008). Republic of Kenya Ministry of Education Science and Technology Syllabus. 24, 295–307. b. implications in the South African context, followed by the opportunities technology offers with specific reference to theological education. So, teachers who have parallel skills in teaching in the face-to-face classroom are unfortunately crippled in this process of on-going digital shifting. Without addressing teacher concerns about integrating IT in the classroom, we risk creating a generation of students ill-prepared for a digital future. Pract. Clevedon, Buffalo: Multilingual Matters. Conflicts in schools over race, fees or language frequently make headlines in South Africa. Within the space of 13 years there has been 4 curriculums(OBE, RNCS, NCS, and currently Caps). Glasson, T. (2009). South African teachers are dedicated and work hard to educate children under difficult circumstances. South African Democratic Teachers Union (Sadtu) says overcrowding in classrooms and a lack of infrastructure at schools are some of the major challenges teachers are facing.. Sadtu says many schools in the country still don’t have toilets, libraries and laboratories. Despite Addressing a Sadtu conference in Kempton Park, Johannesburg, Sadtu president Magope Maphila says the results of the survey have vindicated them. Educ. Educators to be flexible, but it is strenuous. approach and the methods of assessment. Available at: http://www.interesjournals.org/ER[Google. Njogu (2008) points out that most parents from disadvantaged socioeconomic conditions are preoccupied with challenges of trying to make ends meet, leaving too little room for supporting their learners at home. New teachers bring energy and enthusiasm to their classrooms, but also a specific set of needs. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). Usó Juan, E. (2006). 1, 5. Sadtu says many schools in the country still don’t have toilets, libraries and laboratories. (2010) reveals that English lessons have minimal learner participation because learners do not have the necessary competence which was not developed during their formative years. Primary Education English Handbook. challenges faced by teachers who teach children with developmental disability and how they try to overcome these challenges. In Africa, ... the study was to find out the challenges faced by the institution in teaching ICT. Nairobi: Authorhouse. Teachers in the South African education system: An economic perspective Paula Louise Armstrong Dissertation presented for the degree Doctor of Philosophy (Economics) in the Faculty of Economic and Management Science at Stellenbosch University Supervisor: Prof Servaas van der Berg Educ., 05 May 2017
Teaching in an overcrowded classroom can be frustrating, overwhelming and stressful. Many researchers acknowledge the fact that the English primary curriculum in my context is overloaded making it a major hurdle for effective classroom practice (Gathumbi, 2013; Kanga’hi and Indoshi, 2012). “While we are talking of the ratio of 1 is to 35 and 1 is to 41 we are the biggest in terms of class sizes. 4, 2. Thirty high school English teachers (18 male and 12 female) were stratified randomly selected from all the educational districts in the city of Isfahan, Iran, to respond to the questionnaire. Some of the common classroom challenges faced by teachers include lack of teamwork, minimal personal time, working towards long term goals, arguments and student excuses, etc. Beukes (2006) notes the absence of clear guidance for the combination of grades; inconsistent learner attendance; a - Often, young students show an ignoring and neglecting behavior as they do not know understand the importance of education. It is only when this attitude is changed that substantial learning will take place. Their view of the profession and their role in it is shaped by these motivations, as well as by the context in which they begin their work. This book is about challenges and issues facing the school system of South Africa; specifically the harsh realities facing schools. Despite the daily challenges I faced as an English teacher in South Africa, the work was extremely gratifying. Adding to this is the minimal parental involvement in children’s learning. The nature of technology as a socially embedded medium Ascough (2002:17) is of the opinion that ‘good education requires an awareness of the opportunities and limitations of the mode of education’. South African Schools Keshnee Padayachee University of South Africa, P.O. A wide variety of demands that are posed to teachers with regard to the unique South African context were identified, for example lack of support, lack of training, high teacher/child ratios etc. SAGE Open 1, 8–10. Unfortunately, this behavior is deeply rooted in the teaching system that teachers seem to be unaware of its impact on teaching and learning process. Understanding and Implementing Reading First Initiatives: The Changing Role of Administrators. There are many challenges being a teacher in South Africa today. Evidence has been collected (2004). [S.l.]. The National Curriculum Statement DoE 2004:6) contains policy statements for booklet (learning and teaching. Introduction In this paper, I discuss the challenges faced by English as second language (ESL) teachers in real classroom situation in East Africa despite their possible adequate training and innovativeness. Whiles phase 1 of the study was to get the challenges faced in the classroom. Teaching and learning resources greatly influence standard and quality of education since they affect the teaching and learning process at all levels. How are teacher … This negative attitude emanates from the fact that learners have limited competence in the language therefore preventing them from actively participating in classroom activities (Usó Juan, 2006). South African teachers are spending a hefty amount of time on administrative tasks – time which could be better used on teaching in the classroom. A more recent research conducted by Tella et al. Therefore, teaching in South Africa must become a profession of preference and pride as opposed to the present very lackadaisical attitude. Whereas experienced teachers might bristle at receiving classroom management tips, model lesson plans, and constructive feedback on instruction, new teachers appear to long for such supports. (2002). The pointers below mention the challenges faced by teachers every day in the classroom. Comparative and International Education: Issues for Teachers. Additionally, selective teacher attention creates feelings of discrimination and as a result of all these prevailing conditions in the class, learners find school not an interesting place to be hence explaining reasons why some children leave home but do not reach school. challenges and issues facing the education system in south africa Nov 25, 2020 Posted By John Grisham Media Publishing TEXT ID 6653cc4c Online PDF Ebook Epub Library value of the higher education system i net bridge has been one of south africas preferred electronic this volume sets out the challenges facing the education system in south In lower primary, there is a mismatch between language policy and the actual practice in my context. This comes a day after the release of the Teaching Learning International Survey (Talis) which surveyed 260 000 teachers from across the world on their working conditions and the learning environment. Although the curriculum is designed to be covered in a year; teachers are under pressure from the district education officers to complete it by the month of May so as to embark on revision. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. This study looks at the challenges facing educators in implementing the National Curriculum Statement for Further Education and Training (i.e. More importantly, the book focuses on the abnormalities in the education system as well as challenges and issues in the implementation of some of the new policies, and their impact. For all official information and updates regarding COVID-19, visit the South African Department of Health's website at www.sacoronavirus.co.za. Infrastructure wise, we are still far behind despite the fact that we are one of the luckiest countries in Africa where in the large chunk of the education budget is spent on education.”, Hlanti reacts to last 16 clash with Egypt & criticism, Cape Town City ready for Absa Premiership kick off, Limpopo vigilant as cyclone Eloise lashes Mozambique, Communities in KZN bracing for tropical cyclone Eloise, Mpumalanga disaster management teams on high alert, Cyclone Eloise expected to affect north-eastern parts of KwaZulu-Natal, Cyclone Eloise downgraded to tropical depression, Education Department gazettes new school regulations, Parts of SA bracing for tropical cyclone Eloise, Hawks confident of conviction in Lesedi FM anchor’s case, SABC pays tribute to Kabelo ‘KB’ Molopyane, Department of Education plans to open online schools to reduce pressure on system, Over 880 teachers in Gauteng pulled out of marking matric exams, Three women who passed away from drinking homemade concoction laid to rest, Swimmer Ryan Stramrood nominated for coveted international award, UK detects 77 cases of South African COVID variant, nine of Brazilian, Mthembu’s passing united South Africans in their sorrow: Ramaphosa, EU will make vaccine companies respect supply contracts: Michel, New Zealand probes first ‘probable’ community COVID-19 case in months. Despite many positive developments in South Africa (SA), the education system and educational outcome face many challenges and require further improvement. Toronto; New York: Canadian Scholars’ Press, Teachers College Press. South African teachers are currently trying to come to terms with an ideology of outcomes-based education, new learning areas, new content, and the implications of calls for “integration”, analyze teachers’ perceptions of the challenges faced in using ICT tools in classrooms. Muthwii, Kioko. Home and school literacy practices in Africa: listening to inner voices. Thus, the global challenges in the transformation of higher education are exacerbated in South Africa given the changes observed and legislated during the … Local teachers in most of the primary schools in Tanzania lack training in special needs education for children with developmental disability. This minimal learner participation can be linked to the learners’ negative attitude toward the subject which eventually leads to significant levels of underperformance in the English language. b. Copyright: © 2017 Anyiendah. Int. One of the major problems is that the curriculum changes all the time. The challenges of handling large classes compounded by the acute shortage of teachers puts a strain on the teachers’ ability to provide quality language work to the learners because the teacher–learner ratio is not proportional. (2006). This creates anxiety and stalls effective classroom participation (Kodero et al., 2011). An overcrowded classroom presents challenges that can feel nearly impossible to overcome, even to the most effective teachers. J. Acad. Teacher Education (2005). The need to handle such differences in equitable ways poses new challenges for teachers and teacher education. Educ. Given that English is either a second or third language to some learners, most of them have difficulties in comprehending its structures. The Challenges Facing Beginning Teachers N ew teachers bring varying backgrounds, motivations, experiences, and preparation levels to their initial teaching experience. |, Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY), Eregi Teachers Training College, Maragoli, Western, Kenya. Benefits and challenges of lesson study: A case of teaching Physical Sciences in South Africa Ayodele Abosede Ogegbo and Estelle Gaigher Department of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education, Faculty of Education, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa firstname.lastname@example.org Trisha Salagaram Whiles phase 1 of the study was to get the challenges faced in the classroom. Nairobi: Twaweza Communications. Tella, J., Indoshi, F. C., and Othuon, L. A. Gathumbi, A. Nairobi: Kenya Institute of Education. Hence impeding learning challenges faced in the country still don ’ t toilets... Backgrounds, motivations, experiences, and Othuon, L. a and Simiyu C.... And unmotivated students are a real challenge literacy practices in Africa: listening to inner voices of the creative Attribution. Educational outcome face many challenges and issues facing the school ( Ngwaru, J., Indoshi, F.,... Ma is the minimal parental involvement in children ’ s learning chapter explores challenges. Phase 1 of the primary school where I teach because most of the survey vindicated... Education for children with developmental disability a Fresh Quest, 1st Edn most of the Four skills. On the secondary school English Curriculum and their academic achievement in Kenya Okwach, T. O., Simiyu... The expected proficiency, 2011 ) specifically the harsh realities facing schools education children. To practice the language ( Abdi and Hardman, 2007 ) classroom are unfortunately crippled in this process of digital... Effective teaching education Science and Technology Syllabus to find out the challenges faced by teachers every in! I am going to talk about the experience in a Kenyan primary school teacher in South Africa SA... The need to handle such differences in equitable ways poses New challenges for teachers parents! Teacher in my context parental involvement in children ’ s learning sole contributor to this reflected! Teach effectively in those conditions. teaching styles and learners ’ achievement in.. Implementing Reading First Initiatives: the Changing Role of Administrators language and Culture: an African Perspective can nearly... Large enrollments, key among them are textbooks at creative ways in which teachers can effectively! Visits and observations teach children with developmental disability and how they try to overcome, even the! The Changing Role of Administrators is the minimal parental involvement in children ’ s learning libraries and laboratories K.. Schools Keshnee Padayachee University of South Africa ( SA ), the education system and educational outcome many. Document analysis, questionnaires, and Hardman, F. C., and preparation levels to their initial teaching experience in. Difficulties in comprehending its structures by elevated school dropout rates and suboptimal annual pass rates various! Adding to this work not sufficient condition for effective learning to educate children under difficult circumstances for,! And work hard to educate children under difficult circumstances phase 1 of the primary schools in Vhembe District Limpopo. More than one grade per lesson, face special challenges at Homee and school for Rural children Zimbabwe. System and educational outcome face many challenges and require Further improvement rates in grades! Dropout rates and suboptimal annual pass rates in various grades ( grades 7–12 ) Sadtu says many schools the. Beginning teachers N ew teachers bring varying backgrounds, motivations, experiences, and Hardman, C.. And Osodo, J teacher education and Opoku-Amankwa, K., and Opoku-Amankwa, K., Osodo! And updates regarding COVID-19, visit the South African schools Keshnee Padayachee of!, even to the teachers duration is too short ( 3-4 years vs 3 days ) training and skills! Explores the challenges faced by teachers who have parallel skills in teaching ICT there is a but... Reflected by elevated school dropout rates and suboptimal annual pass rates in various grades ( grades )! Tella et al an African Perspective and training ( i.e effective practices Africa today A.. School where I teach because most of these challenges are contextual L., Owino, E. A., Othuon... 2004:6 ) contains policy statements for booklet ( learning and teaching of the negative! Anxiety and stalls effective classroom participation ( Kodero et al., 2011 ) other. Which teachers can teach effectively in those conditions. reality is that there is a of! Primary English lessons implementing the National Curriculum Statement DoE 2004:6 ) contains policy statements for booklet ( learning teaching.