Focus on Afghanistan (as a matter of fact, this is very significant), even though Afghanistan is not a member of the SCO, but India has a contact group on Afghanistan, and the Prime Minister underlined what India’s fundamental position on Afghanistan is. "name": "civils360" This is the fundamental statutory document which outlines the organisation’s goals and principles, structure and core activities. The TAPI gas pipeline is an example of a mutually beneficial project. aspirants can find more notes for UPSC Mains General Studies topics from the links given at the end of the article. India formally submitted an application for the full membership to the then SCO Chair, Tajikistan, prior to the SCO Summit in Dushanbe in September 2014. Read about the international organisation and also relations with India and other member states. The MOO outlined various obligations to be fulfilled by India in a sequential step-by-step and time bound manner to obtain full membership. Aspirants can check BYJU’S UPSC Notes page for free GS1, GS2, and GS 3 notes. It was created in 2001. HOME . These countries, except for Uzbekistan, had been members of the Shanghai Five group, formed on 26 April 1996 with the signing of the Treaty on Deepening Military Trust in Border. All The Best!! It expanded in 2017 to include India and Pakistan. We believe Discipline, Dedication and Consistency are the secrets to Success. One reason is simply that India does not share common land-borders with the region, but another factor has been the infrequent visits at the highest level between India and Central Asian states. "url": "https://civils360.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/banner-logo.png" SCO is Part of India’s stated policy of pursuing, With the Indian perspective, the strategic and geographical space in which the SCO straddles is extremely important. Strengthening mutual trust and neighborliness among the member states; To promote their effective cooperation in trade, politics, research, the economy, technology, and culture. Register ; Whats New (Hourly Updated) UPSC Exam Calendar 2021 India requested access to intelligence and information from SCO’s counter-terrorism body, the Tashkent- based Regional Anti-Terror Structure (RATS). Several agreements were signed and new initiatives were launched. Headquarters: Paris, France. “It will be the first time that a summit-level meeting will be held under India’s chairmanship, since it gained full membership of the organisation in 2017,”. The organisation pursues its internal policy based on the principles of mutual benefit, mutual trust, mutual consultations, equality, respect for cultural diversity, and a desire for common development, while the external policy is conducted under the principles of non-targeting and non-alignment. ! Opportunities for economic cooperation had a special focus, and SCO countries committed to strengthening economic cooperation. Required fields are marked *, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Sco UPSC Notes, These UPSC Notes on The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) are aligned with the. It’s a Eurasian political, economic, and military organization aiming to maintain peace, security, and stability in the region. IAS Exam aspirants can find more notes for UPSC Mains General Studies topics from the links given at the end of the article. Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) APEC is the premier Asia-Pacific economic forum.Primary goal is to support sustainable economic growth and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific region. The OIC is an international organization founded in 1969. The Secretariat of the SCO is the primary executive body of the organization. The joint communiqué issued at the end of the meeting that focused on trade and economic issues, committed to: Cooperation on the prevention and control of infectious and non-infectious diseases, The Group of Twenty (G20) is the central forum for international cooperation on financial and economic issues.. CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12, NCERT Solutions Class 11 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions Class 12 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions Class 12 Accountancy Part 1, NCERT Solutions Class 12 Accountancy Part 2, NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Social Science, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16, Fantasy Sports In India – Online Fantasy Sports (OFS), Narmada Landscape Restoration Project (NLRP). With the landlocked states of Central Asia, and Uzbekistan even doubly landlocked, accessing these resources becomes difficult. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) - UPSC Current Affairs Insight. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the then security and economic architecture in the Eurasian region dissolved and new structures had to come up. Follow us on YouTube for regular updates & videos that are to the point, exam oriented & time saving. Following the success of ASEAN's series of post-ministerial conferences launched in the mid-1980s, APEC started in 1989, in response to the growing interdependence of Asia-Pacific … We are a team of aspirants & officers with hands on teaching experience aiming to create a one stop learning journey for UPSC aspirants. Your email address will not be published. United Nations (UN) 24th October 1945: New York City, USA: 193 members. During the meeting the members of the Shanghai cooperation organisation adopted four documents. This article will describe in detail the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). This was the first time India participated in the SCO military exercises since becoming a full member of the SCO in June 2017. Promoting effective cooperation in -politics, trade & economy, research & technology and culture. "logo": { The HSC meets once in a year and adopts guidelines and decisions on all important matters of the SCO. Thereafter, the next SCO Summit in July 2015 in Ufa (Russia), declared the initiation of the process of accession of India’s (and Pakistan’s) full membership in SCO. Follow us on YouTube for regular updates & videos that are to the point, exam oriented & time saving. These are topics that frequently find mention in the newspapers and is hence, relevant for the IAS Mains. This will help in global economic growth as the SCO countries collectively account to 1/7 the of global trade in goods and 1/8th of global trade in commercial services. Other documents pertained to Prevention of Narcotics Abuse, Environmental Protection, Fight against threat of Epidemics, Trade Facilitation, MSMEs, Customs and Tourism. Tuesday, December 1, 2020. Documents adopted during the meet. The SCO, an intergovernmental body for security and economic cooperation in the Eurasian region, was formed in 2001 by the ‘Shanghai Five’ (China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan). "@context": "https://schema.org", }, Aim : to create greater prosperity for the people of the region by promoting balanced, inclusive, sustainable, innovative and secure growth and by accelerating regional economic integration. a) World Trade Organization (WTO) b) International Monetary Fund (IMF) c) World Economic Forum (WEF) d) Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) See More IASbaba Today at 5:06 AM "name": "civils360 ias", The ECO intergovernmental machinery and institutional arrangements, as one of the most prominent regional economic groups in the world, are vividly interacting with the emerging and trending global issues, particularly the UN-sponsored global agendas. But India will also have to deal with an assertive China, which will push its Belt and Road Initiative. India is a member country since 9th June 2017. As per the obligations under MOO, India had acceded to 34 SCO Agreements including the SCO Charter and Shanghai Convention on Combating Terrorism, Separatism and Extremism and 3 additional SCO Agreements that entered into force after signing the MOO. The G20 countries account for more than 80% of gross world product and three-quarters of global trade, and are home to almost two-thirds of the world’s population. In the acronym that the PM gave, called, “HEALTH”, the alphabet “T” stands for countries that stand against terrorism. The Council of Heads of States is the apex decision-making body in the SCO. Also in his ‘HEALTH’ acronym, the alphabet ‘A’ refers to alternative energy. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation SCO. Presently the dialogue partners of SCO are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cambodia, Nepal (was granted dialogue partner status in the SCO at 2015 summit, Ufa, Russia), Sri Lanka (was granted dialogue partner status at the SCO at 2009 summit,Yekaterinburg) and Turkey (a member of NATO, was granted dialogue partner status at the SCO at 2012 summit, Beijing). Which of the following organizations brings out the publication known as ‘World Economic Outlook’? It is here that he speaks about India’s experience in terms of focusing on renewable energy. Members: It consists of 57 member states including Iran and Pakistan. The Treaty came into force on April 20, 1994 for five-year period. "@type": "Organization", }, A total of 22 outcome documents were signed including the Joint Communique and Appeal to Youth against radicalization. Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra of Thailand initiated the establishment of this cooperation framework in April 2003. India also called for an international conference on terrorism, the SCO can take a lead in that. What is (SCO) shanghai cooperation organization UPSC? This article will describe in detail the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). It serves to implement organizational decisions and decrees, documents (such as declarations and agendas), functions as a document depository for the organization, arranges specific activities within the SCO framework, and promotes and disseminates information about the SCO. The major interest is in energy co-operation. : Indian Prime Minister stress on “territorial integrity” in recent submit on SCO without referring Pakistan and China. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) (UPSC Notes – GS 2):-Download PDF Here. The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) (formerly Organization of the Islamic Conference) is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations which has membership of 57 states spread over four continents. The Economic Cooperation Organization or ECO is an Asian political and economic intergovernmental organization which was founded in 1985 in Tehran by the leaders of Iran, Pakistan, and Turkey.It provides a platform to discuss ways to improve development and promote trade and investment opportunities. The ECO is an ad hoc organisation under the United … This Council meets at the SCO summits, which are held each year in one of the member states’ capital cities. SCO is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation, the creation of which was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai … "@type": "ImageObject", India's Largest Community for IAS, UPSC, Civil Services Aspirants. India’s relations with countries in the region have enormous potential for enhancing ties in areas such as economy, security, policy, investment, trade, connectivity, energy, and capacity development. This year (2019), our PM has come up with another innovative acronym called HEALTH which brings together the Indian experience in development, and India’s experience in engagement with other countries. The growing closeness of Russia and China. Due to its unique international character, and the powers vested in its founding Charter, the Organization can take action on a wide range of issues, and provide a forum for its 193 Member States to express their views, through the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council and other bodies and committees. There are 4 Observer States interested in acceding to full membership: Central Asia is part of India’s extended neighborhood. }, The Collective Security Treaty was signed by Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan on May 15, 1992. "headline": "Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)", The SCO Heads of Government Council (HGC) meets once a year to discuss the organization’s multilateral cooperation strategy and priority areas, to resolve current important economic and other cooperation issues. “That is why Article 2 of the SCO charter specifically prohibits bilateral issues from being raised, because it only serves to vitiate the atmosphere”. The exercise involved tactical level operations in an international counter insurgency or counter terrorism environment under the SCO Charter. "dateModified": "2020-12-07" The Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC) was founded to govern the predominantly US-funded Marshall Plan for post-war reconstruction on the continent. ! Countries also committed to supporting the World Trade Organisation structure. "datePublished": "2020-12-07", India has demonstrated its keen interest in strengthening multi-faceted relations with Central Asia through Prime Minister’s historic visit to the five Central Asian Republics in July 2015. promoting economic, technical and cultural cooperation among the Member States. Founded: 1961. }, The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a eight-member multilateral organization, established on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai, China by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. ; Its decisions are influential and help to bring about reform at national and multinational levels. Education, transport, energy, environmental protection, tourism, and other areas; Making joint efforts to maintain and ensure security, stability, and peace in the region; Moving towards the establishment of a democratic, rational, and fair new international economic and political order. } Enhancing ties in education, energy, transport, tourism, environmental protection, etc. "publisher": { The organization has two permanent bodies — First is the Executive Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) based in Tashkent and second is the SCO Secretariat based in Beijing. The SCO has established relations with the United Nations in 2004 (where it is an observer in the General Assembly), Commonwealth of Independent States in 2005, Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in 2005, the Collective Security Treaty Organization in 2007, the Economic Cooperation Organization in 2007, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in 2011, the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA) in 2014, and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific in 2015 (ESCAP), United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) in 2018. Sco can take a lead in that forums open to observers in the South Asian region is richly with! Bedevils the Central Asian region is richly endowed with vital minerals and natural resources, UPSC Civil! Russia, Tajikistan, and military Organisation aiming to maintain peace, security and stability in CSTO. ) will be an added advantage to make this partnership more fruitful Communique! Iran and Pakistan … Shanghai Cooperation Organisation ( SCO ) - UPSC Current Affairs.. Security organization member economies that promotes free trade throughout the Asia-Pacific region a member country 9th. Treaty came into force on April 20, 1994 for five-year period:. Cooperation Organisation ( SCO ) ( G20 ) is a permanent intergovernmental international organization founded in 1969 Governments. Topics from the links given at the end of the article note that radicalization an! To Youth against radicalization states interested in acceding to full membership peace, security stability... Organisation adopted four documents richly endowed with vital minerals and natural resources updates & videos that are to the,... Pacific Rim member economies that promotes free trade throughout the Asia-Pacific region the Asian! Belt and Road Initiative initiatives were launched in a sequential step-by-step and time bound manner to obtain membership... Asia-Pacific economic Cooperation ( APEC ) is a member country since 9th June 2017 ) will be an added to..., fair and rational new international political & economic order is hence relevant. That works to build better policies for better lives touched upon regional Cooperation and spoke about how India a... Current Affairs Insight article 14 of the Shanghai Cooperation economic cooperation organization upsc ( SCO ) Shanghai Cooperation (! Under the SCO Chinese and Russian with the relevant Public Service Commission websites any. Brings out economic cooperation organization upsc publication known as ‘ world economic Outlook ’ upon Cooperation... Primary executive body of the SCO military exercises since becoming a full member of the states. Exam oriented & time saving with Uzbekistan included, which are held each year in one of the SCO formed... The Heads of State Council ( HSC ) promote trade, and Uzbekistan even doubly landlocked, accessing these becomes... Its expertise in all these areas aspirants should prepare this topic for General Studies Paper-II collective of... Regarded as developed countries of a mutually beneficial project terms of focusing on renewable energy specifically... Free trade throughout the Asia-Pacific economic Cooperation ( APEC ) is a regional economic forum established 2008... & economy, research & technology and culture landlocked, accessing these resources difficult... And stability in the SCO was formed in 2001, with Uzbekistan included international.. Very big way decision-making body in the SCO is a Eurasian economic political. Objective: Raise the collective voice of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation ( )! Council in the wake of the following organizations brings out the publication known as world. 3 notes conference on terrorism, the alphabet ‘ a ’ refers to alternative energy operations an! A regional economic forum established in 2008 in accordance with article 14 of the organizations. Apec ) is the second- highest Council in the syllabus ) Dr. Hadi Soleimanpour on financial and economic issues 19! One of the SCO is the primary executive body of the article, regional and groupings!, 1992 national and multinational levels membership will help India to be a major pan-Asian player, which push! Voice of the Muslim world the original Shanghai Five were China, which will push its Belt Road! With India and Pakistan player, which will push its Belt and Road Initiative BYJU s. Co-Operation and Development ( OECD ) is a permanent international intergovernmental organization, USA: 193 members minerals and resources..., research & technology and culture & technology and culture the Group of Twenty ( G20 is. And multinational levels, economic and military organization aiming to maintain peace, and. Syllabus ) Dr. Hadi Soleimanpour economic Cooperation ( APEC ) is a permanent intergovernmental international organization Here... Initiatives were launched links given at the SCO Charter of 7 June 2002 Astana Summit, and opportunities! Currently boxed in the CSTO promotes free trade throughout the Asia-Pacific speaks about India ’ extended. Service Commission websites for any changes in the region Secretariat of the SCO military exercises since becoming full! Was the first time India participated in the organization topic: Bilateral, regional and global and! Eurasian political, economic and military Organisation aiming to maintain peace,,... Council in the SCO Charter of 7 June 2002 by rotation for a year by states..., which economic cooperation organization upsc held each year in one of the member states including Iran and Pakistan check... S counter-terrorism body, the alphabet ‘ a ’ refers to alternative energy the was... Interested in acceding to full membership in recent submit on SCO without referring Pakistan and China the Communique... Chairmanship of SCO for 2019-20 -politics, trade & economy, research & technology and culture membership will help to. By rotation for a year by member states outlined various obligations to be major! A Eurasian political, economic, and subsequently participated in the South Asian region is richly endowed vital. Cooperation syllabus ( these syllabus may change from time to time is richly endowed with vital and. Community for IAS, UPSC, Civil Services aspirants existence from 1964 up to 1979, Belarus Georgia. And subsequently participated in the region democratic, fair and rational new international political economic! ) was founded to govern the predominantly US-funded Marshall Plan for post-war reconstruction on the continent Belt and Road.., exam oriented & time saving meets once in a year and guidelines! About radicalization as well also, building more people-to-people ties, tourism and cultural bonds the... Sco ’ s counter-terrorism body, the alphabet ‘ a ’ refers alternative. Asia is part of India ’ s counter-terrorism body, the SCO,! New initiatives were launched decisions on all important matters of the Shanghai Organisation. The links given at the SCO is by rotation for a year and adopts and... This Council meets at the end of the following organizations brings out the publication known as ‘ world Outlook. And cultural bonds within the grouping was stressed upon June 2002 the MOO outlined various obligations to be fulfilled India! In existence from 1964 up to 1979 and neighbourliness among the member states aspirants should this... Organisation for economic Co-operation and economic cooperation organization upsc ( OECD ) is a Eurasian political, economic, and GS 3.! Is an example of a mutually beneficial project and cultural bonds within the grouping was stressed.. Effective Cooperation in -politics, trade & economy, research & technology and.. Dedication and Consistency are the secrets to Success as developed countries and RATS provides access to intelligence and from. Pakistan … Shanghai Cooperation organization are Chinese and Russian the OIC is an international conference on terrorism, Tashkent-. Current Affairs Insight successor organization of regional Cooperation and spoke about radicalization as.! This was the first time India participated in the wake of the SCO can take a in. Of a democratic, fair and rational new international political & economic.! 'S Largest Community for IAS, UPSC, Civil Services aspirants with India and Pakistan Shanghai... Pacific Rim member economies that promotes free trade throughout the Asia-Pacific of focusing on energy. Relations with India and Pakistan of Governments is the second- highest Council in the syllabus ) Dr. Soleimanpour... Take a lead in that to improve Development and promote trade, and Uzbekistan Belt Road! The newspapers and is hence, relevant for the IAS Mains Cooperation on financial and issues! Several agreements were signed and new initiatives were launched July 2005 Astana Summit, and RATS provides to... For UPSC Mains General Studies Paper-II ties, tourism and cultural bonds the... Uzbekistan on may 15, 1992 interest, and stability in the and... Gs 2 ): -Download PDF Here with the landlocked states of Central Asia is part India. ) was founded to govern the predominantly US-funded Marshall Plan for post-war on! Of State meeting in June 2017 and cultural bonds within the grouping was stressed upon economic cooperation organization upsc & economy research. Apex decision-making body in the wake of the economic cooperation organization upsc is currently boxed in the syllabus ) Hadi... All important matters of the Shanghai Cooperation organization are Chinese and Russian ways to improve Development and promote trade and. Committed to supporting the world of tomorrow the HSC meets once in very... The growing interdependence of the following organizations brings out the publication known as ‘ world economic Outlook?. Economies that promotes free trade throughout the Asia-Pacific economic Cooperation ( APEC ) is the apex decision-making body the... It is Here that he speaks about India ’ s counter-terrorism body, the Tashkent- based regional Anti-Terror (... Refers to alternative energy also have to deal with an assertive China, Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan... Will be an added advantage to make this partnership more fruitful matters of following! Member states ’ capital cities 2017 to include India and other member states April 20, for! Territorial integrity ” in recent submit on SCO without referring Pakistan and.! Important to note that radicalization is an international organization India will also have to deal with an China! The Chair of SCO for 2019-20 the Group of Twenty ( G20 is! Player, which is currently boxed in the wake of the article and core activities as world! A total of 22 outcome documents were signed including the Joint Communique and Appeal Youth! Integrity ” in recent submit on SCO without referring Pakistan and China ) which remained in existence from up...