The country is said to have the best education system in the world. 5 BROKEN AND UNEQUAL THE STATE OF EDUCATION IN SOUTH AFRICA Amnesty International 6. This volume sets out the challenges facing the education system in South Africa, such as poor school infrastructure, poor learning conditions, and a lack of learning materials and provides recommendations on how some of these can be overcome. This made it very difficult for learners to concentrate in schools. By Francesca Villette Jun 16, 2016. expertise, and citizen participation in the context of South Africa’s education system. These included badly maintained buildings that had never been renovated, many of them dating back decades to the apartheid era and even previously. She said many students, including herself, were forced to walk for long distances to school. Education Still Remains Unequal After 25 Years Of Democracy. South Africa is a land of hope, opportunity and most glaringly, a land of stark inequality. TABLE OF CONTENTS . The report found that 19% of schools in South Africa have illegal pit latrines, 37 schools have no sanitation, 86% of the schools have no laboratories while 239 schools lack electricity. Given the deep structural nature of inequality in South Africa, this report employs a conceptual framework linking dualism in the labour market to dualism in the school system, to illustrate how differences in education quality are at the root of income inequality that … Learners in Finland do not write exams until age 16. 2. Despite 25 years of democracy, South Africa remains the most economically unequal country in the world, according to the World Bank. As the government continues to miss its own targets to improve learning facilities, Amnesty International’s research in Gauteng and the Eastern Cape found numerous examples of schools with poor infrastructure and lacking basic facilities. In some provinces this is as high as 91% in Limpopo and 85% in the Eastern Cape. “The right to quality education includes having a school where learners are safe to learn and have the adequate infrastructure and facilities to do so, but our research has found that this is not the reality for many learners in the country.”. The questionnaire was sent to 101 NASGB representatives covering schools in their respective local area in the three provinces. SOUTH AFRICA'S EDUCATION SYSTEM 22 3.1 Legal framework 22 BACKGROUND 16 2.1 Inequality and education 16 2.2 The Legacy of colonialism and apartheid 18 2.3 The Right to quality education 20 3. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue. That is about R213.7bn. During the field research, Amnesty International visited 12 public schools in Gauteng and 26 public schools in the Eastern Cape. The South African Education Department has worked to make its public education system fairer for two decades. That has got more children into schools, but the quality of education is often poor: (Ed.   |   Education Still Remains Unequal After 25 Years Of Democracy. Prior to 1991, education in South Africa was segregated, with separate education systems for blacks and whites. South Africa’s maths and science education has again been shown to be among the worst in the world, and is holding the country’s economy back from massive potential growth. “The fact that the Limpopo Department of Education says that it will take an estimated 14 years to replace all pit latrines in the province’s public schools is shocking. The apartheid regime passed the Bantu Education Act in 1953, which created separate and unequal schools for each of South Africa’s racially classified groups. The evolution of unequal development within South Africa: An overview. The apartheid regime passed the … As the President prepares to deliver the State of the National Address this week, the critical question is: why is it that a child’s experience of education in South Africa still depends very much on where they are born, how wealthy they are, and the colour of their skin? A video was shown just before the panel discussion delved into the intricacies of the report. Yet as the government’s own statistics show, these targets have not been met. Some children walk for between 30 minutes and an hour to get to their educational institution meaning it is likely to be more than 3km. This involved 27 questions covering issues such as governance and the role of school governing bodies (SGBs); infrastructure; funding; teaching; safety and security; and transportation. Here are the facts: 15% of South Africa’s total budget was spent on basic education in the last 12 months that ended March 2016. This may be one of the many issues with the education system in South Africa. By Francesca Villette Jun 16, 2016. OTHER BARRIERS TO THE RIGHT TO EDUCATION 65 6.1 Inadequate school transport to and from school 67 6.2 Unsafe learning environments 70 6.3 Overcrowded classes 72 6.4 Teacher shortages 74 6.5 Excessive teacher workloads 76 6.6 Teacher capacity and training 78 by Ph July 1, 2019, 9:39 am. The system continues to be dogged by stark inequalities and chronic underperformance that have deep roots in the legacy of apartheid, but which are also not being effectively tackled by the current government. The evolution of unequal development within South Africa: An overview. “We are robbing many children, particularly from poor communities of a future,” said Mohammed adding that in spite of austerity conditions, funds need to be utilised to make a difference in the system. Amnesty International researchers found numerous examples of badly maintained, broken or unsanitary toilets, including pit latrines. The Africa Learning Barometer, a new interactive produced by our colleagues at the Brookings Center for Universal Education, indicates that only about half of sub-Saharan Africa… Counting was slow across Uganda as a result of the internet shutdown, which affected some of the biometric machines used to validate voter registrations. (Ed. In closing, Ogunyemi encouraged audience members to go through the comprehensive 120 page report. While the report highlights that South Africa has made significant progress on ensuring the right to education for pupils since the end of apartheid, it has found that access has widened to the point where there is almost universal participation although the numbers of pupils dropping out before completing their basic education. Given the recent deaths, it is unacceptable that the government cannot guarantee that more children won’t die this year or any coming years for that matter,” said Mohamed. However, in certain key areas as this report highlights, the post-1994 government has failed to meet its own domestic and international legal obligations. Under “I want my donation to be designated toward”, please select “Equal Education” To donate via check please Indicate ‘Equal Education’ in the check memo section and mail to: South Africa Development Fund 555 Amory Street Boston, MA 02130. We have placed cookies on your device to help make this website better. The effects of apartheid’s unequal education system can still be felt today. The South African education system, characterized by crumbling infrastructure, overcrowded classrooms and relatively poor educational outcomes, is perpetuating inequality and as a result failing too many of its children, with the poor hardest hit according to a new report published by Amnesty International today. The South African education system, characterised by crumbling infrastructure, overcrowded classrooms and relatively poor educational outcomes, is perpetuating inequality and as a result failing too many of its children, with the poor hardest hit, according to a new report published by Amnesty International on Tuesday. That has got more children into schools, but the quality of education is often poor: BROKEN AND UNEQUAL THE STATE OF EDUCATION IN SOUTH AFRICA Amnesty International 6. She said it’s important for people to imagine those conditions and understand Michael’s death as a symptom of the broken system. London, England: George Allen & Unwin. The date marked 30 years since the release of the former president from prison, but there was little cause for celebration at the publication of the report which took place at the latest Amnesty International South Africa and Mail & Guardian Critical Thinking Forum, held at the Mail & Guardian offices in Braamfontein. ... Estonia, New Zealand, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Sweden and the United States. The education system is impressively participatory in its structure, but in practice rejects or undermines participation. During her closing statement, Mohamed left the room with a final thought that it was important to remember the children during all the discussions. In 2013, the government enacted the Minimum Norms and Standards for educational facilities, requiring the government to ensure that by November 2016, all schools have access to sanitation and electricity and that all pit latrines are replaced with safe and adequate sanitation and schools built from inappropriate materials, such as mud and asbestos are replaced. The second part of this essay looks at inadequacies within the South African education system. Another issue was the lack of resources.   |   South African education system is grossly inefficient, severely underperforming and egregiously unfair. The audience consisted of members of Amnesty International, learners, teachers, parents and people interested in the education sector. For example, a recent international survey found that more than three quarters of children aged nine cannot read for meaning. In these circumstances it is not surprising that educational outcomes remain relatively poor. In June 1976, high school students in Soweto, a black township on the southwest side of Johannesburg, organized a mass protest against unequal education. OTHER BARRIERS TO THE RIGHT TO EDUCATION 65 6.1 Inadequate school transport to and from school 67 6.2 Unsafe learning environments 70 6.3 Overcrowded classes 72 6.4 Teacher shortages 74 6.5 Excessive teacher workloads 76 6.6 Teacher capacity and training 78 6.7 Conclusions 81 The research for the report was carried out between November 2017 and June 2019. The gap in test scores between … You can use this tool to change your cookie settings. Prior to 2009, these two departments were represented in a single Department of Education. For example, it brings to the fore that many schools and the communities they serve continue to live with the consequences of the political and economic decisions made during the apartheid era where people were segregated according to their skin colour, with schools serving white communities properly resourced. Both the national government and the provincial government of the Western Cape have a record of blocking citizens’ attempts to education system that still manages to produce vastly different education outcomes that favour a small elite in the wealthy part of that system and disadvantage predominantly black and coloured learners in the less affluent part of the system Figure E1: South Africa’s dualistic school system and labour market • Big demand for good The system is divided into 3 strata, namely general education and training, further education and training, and higher education and training. Subdued growth has jeopardized efforts to promote inclusion. Almost 30% of pupils who have attended school for six years cannot read, compared with 4% in Tanzania and 19% in Zimbabwe. Black South Africans were relegated to “Bantu” school systems, which promoted black subservience to whites. If one were to measure an education system’s strength purely on access, South Africa would be a schooling success story. The effects of apartheid’s unequal education system can still be felt today. Black South African households... Read the full story on Daily Maverick . Almost 1,000 schools have no sports facilities, while 4,358 have only illegal plain pit latrines for sanitation; 1,027 have no perimeter fencing, essential for teacher and pupil safety, while 239 have no electricity, and 37 have no sanitation facilities at all. There are significant disparities in South Africa's education system. Refunds of donations. Children in the top 200 schools achieve more distinctions in mathematics than children in the next 6,600 schools combined. In the Eastern Cape, issues of concern included lack of sufficient toilets for the number of pupils in line with the learner to toilet ratio of 1:30; lack of an adequate and/or reliable water supply often requiring use of a borehole; poor hygiene with associated health problems among learners; leaking septic tanks; broken sanitation infrastructure that could not be repaired owing to lack of funds and an inability to remedy vandalism or theft in sanitation facilities. Education still unequal after 25 years of democracy . ... black and coloured schools in South Africa are still left under-resourced. Brian Sokutu . Your choice regarding cookies on this site Ayanda Makebenge, education activist, Shenilla Mohamed, executive director Amnesty International South Africa, Samantha Brener, attorney at Section 27, Matakanye Matakanya, general secretary of the National Association of School Governing Bodies (NASGB), and Elijah Mhlanga, spokesperson for the Department of Basic Education (DBE) made up the panel. While the report acknowledges that there has been progress made since the end of apartheid on widening access to education as well as other aspects, it has identified weaknesses by the Department of Basic Education, such as repeatedly failing to reach its own targets with respect to infrastructure and facilities. In Smith, D. One of the key infrastructure issues is poor sanitation which compromises not just learners’ education but also their health, privacy and dignity. If anything, the … by Ph July 1, 2019, 9:39 am. The findings of the report were put together in conjunction with a survey that Amnesty International conducted with the NASGB. Schools that were visited by Amnesty International had overcrowded classrooms without basic equipment and materials such as furniture and textbooks, with lack of security exacerbating the problems of vandalism and burglary. Nelson Mandela famously said: “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” It seemed fitting that the quote was mentioned at the launch of the Amnesty International report, Broken and Unequal: The State of Education in South Africa, on February 11. South Africa spends a bigger share of its GDP on education than any other country in Africa. Following on from the comments she made in the video, Makebenge said the economic situation in the country is no excuse for the government to not fund basic education. It attracts more international students than any other African nation. But, in reality these efforts have not caused significant positive change. education system that still manages to produce vastly different education outcomes that favour a small elite in the wealthy part of that system and disadvantage predominantly black and coloured learners in the less affluent part of the system Figure E1: South Africa’s dualistic school system and labour market • Big demand for good The Africa Learning Barometer, a new interactive produced by our colleagues at the Brookings Center for Universal Education, indicates that only about half of sub-Saharan Africa… Ogunyemi also took the audience through the methodology of the report which decided to assess the quality of education in poorer communities by focusing its visits on the no fee schools (quintiles 1-3) that serve these communities in both urban and rural areas. For South Africa to comply with both its own constitutional and international human rights obligations with respect to education, major change is needed urgently, The right to quality education includes having a school where learners are safe to learn and have the adequate infrastructure and facilities to do so, but our research has found that this is not the reality for many learners in the country, The repeated failure of government to address the issues is not only a question of accountability, it has consequences for the life chances of thousands of young people and the future of this country, Dying with dignity in the age of coronavirus, Tunisia: Authorities must refrain from using unnecessary and excessive force against protesters, “We wish to overcome the decades of marginalization that brought us here”, Human rights lawyers become “endangered species” in Turkey, Russia: Scores of activists arrested for protesting the detention of Aleksei Navalny must be released. Mhlanga said while the department is not happy with the progress being made, the issue was complex and that it’s important to understand which arm of government has the power to respond to the issues directly. Berner from Section 27 first explained to the audience what happened to Michael Komape. Amnesty International’s Mohamed raised the issue that, in this day and age, a child’s education still depends on the colour of their skin and where they were born. This is despite the fact that the Department of Transport, in collaboration with the Department of Basic Education, is required to ensure that transport is provided to grades R to 12 pupils who live more than 3km from the nearest school. Broken and Unequal: The State of Education in South Africa calls on the government to urgently address a number of endemic failings in the system in order to guarantee the right to a decent education for every child in South Africa. Although it has made significant progress since the end of apartheid in widening access this has not always translated into a quality education for all pupils. Desk research drew on reports from international and national non-governmental organisations, the UN, regional human rights bodies, academics and the media as well as government data including public spending on education and education outcomes disaggregated by region. South Africa is the most unequal society in the world; children from poorer households are already lagging behind in terms of access to ECD and this access gap will widen. Children in the lowest income groups are also more likely to walk to school than those in the highest income group. All material © Mail & Guardian Online. That made it difficult for students to study at home for exams and to do their homework. METHODOLOGY 14 2. Privacy Policy The organisation in particular has worked on the case of Michael Komape, the five-year-old learner who drowned in a pit toilet. That is about R213.7bn. South Africa has developed a progressive education system – at least in theory. Representing the school governing bodies, NASGB’s Matakanya said the biggest problem facing the education system in South Africa is quality. There is still a lack of accountability among officials and teachers for the failure to properly educate young children living in the poor areas of South Africa. They found that many schools in those provinces have poor infrastructure and lack basic facilities. The report found that 19% of schools in South Africa have illegal pit latrines, 37 schools have no sanitation, 86% of the schools have no laboratories while 239 schools lack electricity. Everyone has the right ­ a. to a basic education, including adult basic education; and; b. to further education, which the state, through reasonable measures, must make progressively available and accessible. The gap in test scores between the … In 2018, research by the World Bank showed that South Africa has the most unequal society in the world. London, England: George Allen & Unwin. CHAPTER 1 . These institutions created unequal learning environments based on race. Educational inequality is the unequal distribution of academic resources, including but not limited to; school funding, qualified and experienced teachers, books, and technologies to socially excluded communities.These communities tend to be historically disadvantaged and oppressed. Leafy suburbs like Sandton boast world-class institutions with top-of-art facilities, whilst neighbouring Alexandra township schools are often victims of violence, poor infrastructure and a lack of resources. There are significant disparities in South Africa’s education system. BROKEN AND UNEQUAL THE STATE OF EDUCATION IN SOUTH AFRICA Amnesty International CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 6 ABBREVIATIONS 13 1. He said students should not have to travel long distances to be able to access quality education. The panel was moderated by Robert Shivambu, the media manager for the Southern Africa Regional Office of Amnesty International. South Africa: Broken and unequal: The state of education in South Africa 11 ... made significant progress since the end of apartheid in widening access this has not always translated into a quality education for all pupils. The South African police broke up the march using dogs, batons, tear gas and, ultimately, gunfire. And of 100 learners that start school, 50-60 will make it to matric, 40-50 will pass matric, and only 14 will go to university. Many of the audience members raised the point that many of the issues were known, and that there is now a need to create solutions through government, activists and civil society working together. An education activist and students spoke about the challenges facing the school system. 1. Many of these buildings date back decades to the apartheid era and were built with unsafe materials. South Africa has been ranked 75th out of 76 on list of OECD countries in terms of its education system. And the Equalisers, the 1000+ dedicated rank and file members of Although the government of South Africa has invested a great deal of money in education today, the quality of education has not been improved obviously.